Wondering what are the complete list trademark classes? Here’s the beginner’s guide on trademark classes to help you grasp the basics.
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office organizes products (“goods”) and services according to certain categories or “classes.” Therefore, additional fees will be required to use your trademark to cover more than one product or service (e.g., clothing and motorcycles). Each number corresponds with a category as defined by the USPTO.
According to the USPTO, a key part of a comprehensive clearance search is searching the Trademark Electronic Search System. You need to use a strategic approach when searching the TESS database.
It contains records for millions upon millions of trademarks. You can use design search codes and classes to help you narrow your search. This will make it easier to locate any trademarks that could cause confusion for you.
The list of trademark classes and search codes for design can be used in your TESS search.
- Classification for your goods or services – Find out how the USPTO classes your goods or services to narrow down your search to trademarks that can be used with related goods or services.
- Design search code – If you intend to include a logo or design in your trademark, or any words that images could have represented, design search codes will allow you to search trademarks with similar design elements.
Create an efficient search
An effective search is:
- Wide enough to search for all trademarks that could cause confusion for you
- You can narrow your search to only a small number of trademarks to be able to evaluate the results.
You can limit your search to the most relevant trademarks if you get too many results. Many tools can help you narrow down your search. This page will show you how to use some of these tools.
Be conservative in your search.
Limit your search to the minimum possible to ensure that your results are as narrowly focused as possible. Your chances of finding a conflicting trademark in your clearance searches are greater the more narrowed your search.
It is important to be conservative in narrowing down your search. We will examine your application for trademarks that could cause confusion with your trademark. We will not register your trademark if we find them. If we do, we cannot refund your filing fee.
Search for trademarks that are used on goods or services related to yours.
The classification system is very similar to the department structure in a store. To help you find what you need, stores categorize merchandise into departments. The classification process is similar to the way you categorize products and services. This will help you search TESS to find goods and related services.
45 classes or categories cover all goods and services. Classes 1 through 34 are for goods and classes 35 to 45 are for services. Each class can be used to cover a variety of goods and services. Class 25 can cover clothing, while class 36 can be used to provide financial and insurance services.
It is important to note that the term used in the class headings, or the short titles of the classes, is too broad to describe your products or services. For example, listing products or services that only have an international number is unacceptable. Here is the list of trademark classes:
Product (“Goods”) Classes
Class 1 – Chemical Products
Chemicals used for science, industry, photography, and agriculture; unprocessed synthetic resins; unprocessed polymers; manures; fire extinguishing compositions, tempering and soldering procedures; chemical substances to preserve foodstuffs; tanning materials; adhesives used within the industry.
Class 2 – Paint Products
Preservatives against rust, deterioration, and colorants of wood, paints, varnishes and lacquers, colorants, mordants, natural raw resins, and metals in foil or powder form for artists and decorators, and printers.
Class 3 – Cosmetics and Cleaning Products
Use bleaching preparations and other laundry preparations; cleaning, polishing, and scouring preparations; soaps; perfumery and essential oils; cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices.
Class 4 – Lubricant and Fuel Products
Oils and greases for industrial use; lubricants; wetting, binding, and dust absorbing compositions; fuels (including engine spirit); illuminants and candles; and wicks and wicks to light.
Class 5 – Pharmaceutical Products
Pharmaceutical and veterinary products; sanitary preparations used for medical purposes; food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping or waxing teeth; disinfectants; preparations to destroy vermin; herbicides, fungicides.
Class 6 – Metal Products
Common metals and their allies; metal building materials; transportable metal buildings; metal materials for railway tracks; nonelectric wires and cables of common metal; ironmongery; small hardware items; pipes, tubes, and metal; safes.
Class 7 – Machinery Products
Machines and machine tools, motors and engines (except land vehicles); machine couplings and transmission components (except land vehicles); other agricultural implements than hand-operated; incubators to hatch eggs.
Class 8 – Hand Tool Products
Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; sidearms; razors.
Class 9 – Computer and Software Products and Electrical and Scientific Products
Surveying, scientific, and optical; apparatus and tools for switching, transforming, or regulating electricity; apparatus for recording sound or images; magnetic data carriers; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; automatic vending machines; cash registers; data processing equipment; computers; fire extinguishing devices.
Class 10 – Medical Instrument Products
Instruments and apparatus for surgical, medical, dental, and veterinary purposes, artificial limbs and eyes; orthopedic articles; suture material.
Class 11: Environmental Control Instrument Products (lighting and heating, cooling, and cooking)
Apparatus to light, heat, steam generating, cook, dry, ventilate, water supply, and other sanitary purposes.
Class 12 – Vehicles and products for locomotion via land, air, or water
Vehicles; equipment for moving by air, land, or water.
Class 13 – Firearm Products
Firearms, ammunition, and projectiles; explosives.
Class 14 – Jewelry Products
Precious metals, their alloys, and products in precious metals, not included in any other classes; jewelry; precious stones; horological, chronometric instruments.
Class 15 – Musical Instrument Products
Instruments for music.
Class 16 – Paper and Printed Material Products
These materials include paper, cardboard, and goods made of these materials that are not included in any other classes: printed matter; bookbinding materials; photographs; stationery, adhesives for stationery and household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes, typewriters, and office requirements (except furniture); instructional materials (except apparatus); printing blocks; printers’ type.
Class 17 – Rubber Products
Gummi, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica, and goods made of these materials are not included in other classifications; extruded plastics for use in manufacturing; packing, stopping, and insulating material; flexible pipes, but not of metal.
Class 18: Leather Products (not clothing)
Leather, imitations of leather, and goods made from these materials, are not included in other classifications; animal skins, hides, trunks, and traveling bags; umbrellas, parasols, walking sticks, and whips; harness and saddlery.
Class 19 – Non-Metallic Building Material Products
Non-metallic building materials; non-metallic rigid pipe for building; asphalt; pitch and bitumen, nonmetallic transportable structures; monuments, but not metal.
Class 20 – Furniture Products
Furniture, mirrors, and picture frames; goods not included in other classes of wood, cork, or reed.
Class 21 – Houseware and Glass Products
Brushes (except paint brushes); brushes; brush-making materials; articles to clean; steel-wool; unworked and semi-worked glasses (except for glass used in building); and glassware, porcelain, and earthenware that are not included in any other classes.
Class 22: Ropes and Cordage
Ropes; string, nets, tents; tarpaulins and sails; sacks and bags (not in other classes); padding, stuffing materials (except for rubber or plastic); raw fibrous textile material.
Class 23: Yarns & Threads
For textile use, yarns and threads.
Class 24 – Fabrics and Textile Products
Textiles and textile products, not included in any other classes; bed and table covers.
Class 25: Clothing and Apparel Products
Clothing, footwear, headgear.
26: Lace and Ribbons, Embroidery, Embroidery, and Fancy Goods
Lace, embroidery, ribbons, braid, buttons, hooks, eyes, pins, and needles.
Class 27: Floor Covering Products
Carpets, rug mats, mats, matting linoleum, and other materials to cover existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile).
Class 28: Toys and Sporting Goods Products
Games and playthings, gymnastic and sports articles not included in the other classes; Christmas decorations.
Class 29 – Meat and Processed Food Products
Meat, poultry, meat, and game; meat extracts. Also, preserved, frozen, and dried fruits and vegetables. Jellies, jams and compotes. Eggs, milk, and milk products. Edible oils and fats.
Class 30 – Staple Food Products
Tea, coffee, tea, sugar, cocoa; tapioca and sago; artificial coffee; flour; honey, treacle; yeast; baking powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces or condiments; spices; ice.
31: Natural Agricultural Products
Live animals, horticultural and forestry products, and grains are not included in other categories; fresh fruits, vegetables, seeds, natural plants, flowers, foodstuffs, food for animals, and malt.
Class 32: Light Beverage Products
Beers, mineral and aerated water, nonalcoholic beverages; fruit drinks and juices; syrups; and other preparations to make beverages.
Class 33: Wines, Spirits, and Beers
Other than beers and alcoholic beverages.
Class 34 – Smoker’s Products
Tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches.
Class 35: Advertising, Business, and Retail Services
Advertising, business management, business administration; office functions.
Class 36 – Insurance and Financial Services
Insurance, financial affairs, monetary affairs, real estate affairs.
Class 37 – Construction and Repair Services
Building construction; repair; installation services.
Class 38 Communication Services
Services that allow people to communicate with one another using sensory means.
Class 39 – Transportation and Storage Services
Transport, packaging, and storage; travel arrangements.
Class 40: Treatment and Processing of Materials Services
Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
Education, providing training; entertainment; sports, and cultural activities.
Class 42: Computer and Software Services and Scientific Services
Research and design, scientific and technological services; industrial analysis; design and development of computer hardware and software.
Class 43: Restaurant and Hotel Services
Temporary accommodation; services for food and drink.
Class 44: Medical and Beauty Services and Agricultural Services
Medical, veterinary, and beauty care of animals and humans; agriculture, horticulture, and forestry.
Class 45 – Personal, Legal, and Social Services
Services for legal and security purposes; services to protect property and people; and personal and social services provided by others to meet individual needs.
You can search TESS to find trademarks that have been used with the same goods or services. Our likelihood page provides background information on related goods and services and why it matters for trademark applications.
The most effective tool for narrowing down your TESS search is the classes. This will ensure that your search is efficient and that your results are relevant. To be able to search TESS efficiently, you will need to know the classifications of your goods and related services.
Certain goods and services are so closely related that they are called “coordinated class.” For example, class 25 (clothing) has many coordinated or related classes, such as class 14 (jewelry), Class 18 (leather goods), class 35 (advertising, business services), and class 18.
Many clothing companies also sell jewelry from classes 14 and 18 as well as leather handbags and retail services starting at 35. If you are selling clothing, the consumer can reasonably expect you to also sell products from classes 14 and 18 or offer services starting at class 35.
Considerations when searching for trademarks that are used with goods or services related to yours
You can make your TESS search more thorough and efficient by considering which goods or services you are looking for. This will allow you to search for classes and coordinate classes that match your search.
These are some of the things to keep in mind.
Services can be correlated with goods, while goods can be correlated to services.
Do not limit your TESS search only to goods and services. Think about the services that a consumer may associate with your goods and the goods that they might associate with your services. If your goods include software and associated service might be online computer store services.
Not all goods or services in a particular class are necessarily related
The classes divide goods and services into broad, sometimes wide-ranging, categories. They don’t necessarily identify related goods or services. Computers and eyeglasses, for example, are not considered to be related even though they both fall under Class 9.
Coordinated classes can be a good starting point but not a reliable tool
Sometimes, a large number is returned when you search for coordinated classes in TESS. Because many of the results are not relevant to your clearance search, you might need to refine your search.
Rarely, you may find goods or services that are related to yours but don’t belong in coordinated classes. You may need to modify your search strategy and search for trademarks that are associated with certain goods or services.