Apple Inc. (Cupertino, CA)
A lot of media content is delivered to users based on the preferences of the user. In a typical content delivery system, a device for the user is able to collect preferences data through explicit input from the user, where the user specifies what contentthe user wishes to view or consume. The user device can collect information describing the user’s content consumption patterns and draw conclusions about the user’s preferences from the patterns of content consumption in the past. The user device will send this preferenceinformation to a content server. The content server can then examine the content in the media and select the content to be provided to the user (e.g. the device) as per the user’s preference information. Although the standard content delivery system provides personalized content to the user, these kinds of delivery systems require the user’s personal preferences information to be disseminated beyond the user’s device. Therefore, these delivery systems expose users’ personal information, and thus risk violating user privacy.
In certain implementations computers can deliver individualized content, while still preserving the user’s privacy. Content servers, for instance, can be part of the computer system that creates clusters of data and removes duplicates. which are connected to the investment identifier that was received by a client device. The content server will then send the client who requested the content items in clusters. After receiving the clusters content items that the client device is able to examine them according to their preferences for the user and choose an appropriate item from among the content item clusters. The selected content item can be displayed on a display of the device. So, the personalization of selection and presentation can be performed without distributing preferences of the user outside the user device thereby preserving user privacy.
In some instances the computer system may determine the importance an investment identifier’s importance is to a content item that mentions the investment identifier. The content item could provide an account of an event, story, or any other details that are related to the investment identifier. The content item may refer to the investment identifier by referring to the investment identification, proxies for the investment identifier or other equivalents that relate to the investment identifier. The computer system is able to determine the specific locations within the content item in which the investment identifier is or is mentioned, as well as the frequency at which the investment identifier appears. Based on the locations or frequency of mentions, the computing system can determine an importancescore that represents how crucial the investment identifier is to the narrative told in the item. The metadata is saved on the content item to identify which items of content are going to be shown to users.
In certain instances, a computing system can clarify the terms used in a content item based on encyclopedia data that is based on an accepted taxonomy. A well-known news article taxonomy which organizes, classes, or structures media items, as well as media items in accordance with the subject matter covered in the content items, can be used as an example of a common taxonomy. Encyclopedia data (e.g.,) can be obtained which can provide definitions or descriptions of various objects, subjects, terms and other terms. which could be utilized or referenced in the content. The encyclopedia data may be used to decode terms used in content items. The encyclopedia data may not conform to any general taxonomy or constructed in a regionally particular manner, making difficult to decode terms. Thus, the computing system could be able to align the encyclopedia information to the standard taxonomy in order to make the process of disambiguation more efficient.
Certain applications provide at least these benefits. Privacy of the user can be protected by performing content personalization on the user’s device and not sharing personalization information to other computing devices(e.g. content servers). Content evaluation processes (e.g., term spotting, term disambiguation, investment identifier importance scoring, etc.) which require a significant amount of computing resources (e.g. processing cycles and power, memory, network bandwidth, etc.) can be executed using a remote computer (e.g. or a content server) and light, personalized process for selecting content are able to be carried out on the device used by the user. Content clustering allows the user device to select specific content while avoiding the display of duplicate content on a small display. Conforming digital information sources (e.g., the encyclopedias) to a common taxonomy can increase the speed and efficiency of search and disambiguation.
Details of one or more implementations are described in the accompanying drawings, as well as the explanation below. Other features, aspects, and benefits could be evident from the description and drawings, and also from the claims.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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What is a patent?
Patents are issued by the government to safeguard an invention. The patent grants the inventor the exclusive right to create, use and market the invention. Society benefits when new technologies are brought to the market. These benefits could be realized directly when people can perform feats previously thought impossible as well as indirectly through the economic opportunities that innovation offers (business expansion, job creation).
Many drug companies and university researchers seek patent protection for their research and developments. Patents can be granted for a product, process, or method of creating new materials. To be granted patent protection the invention must be useful, new, and not obvious to other people within the same field.
Patents are awarded to inventors who have commercially viable inventions. They provide a motivation for inventors to come up with new ideas. Small-scale businesses and inventors can be assured that they will get an income from their investment in technology development through patents. This means they will be able to make a living by their work.
Businesses with the ability to:
Secure your products and services
Increase the value, appearance, and visibility of your products market;
Your business and your products should be distinguished from the competition;
Find out about business and technical information.
Avoid the danger of accidentally using proprietary third-party content, or losing your important data, original outputs, or any other innovative output.
Patents transform inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset, which creates new opportunities to create jobs through licensing and joint ventures.
Small companies that have patent protection will be more attractive to investors involved in the development and commercialization of technology.
Patenting can generate fresh ideas and innovative inventions. These information may be protected by patents.
Patents can be used to prevent untrustworthy third parties from making money from the invention’s efforts.
The profits from technology patents that are successful and commercially viable can be used to fund technological research and development (R&D) that will boost the likelihood of improved technology in the coming years.
Intellectual property ownership is a way to convince investors and lenders that there are real chances to market your product. Sometimes, a powerful patent can open the door to multiple financing options. You can use patents and other IP assets as collateral or security to secure financing. Investors are also able to view your patent assets in order to boost the value of their company. Forbes and others have noted that each patent can add anywhere from $500,000 to one million dollars to your company’s valuation.
A well-constructed business plan is vital for new businesses. It must be based on IP and demonstrate what your service or product is distinctive. Additionally, investors will be impressed if you demonstrate that your IP rights are secure or in the process of becoming secure and that they align with your business strategy.
It is essential to protect an invention prior to filing for patent protection. Making an invention public prior to filing could often erode its originality and make it ineligible for patent protection. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g. for test-marketing, investors, or other business partners) should only be made upon signing a confidentiality contract.
There are numerous types of patents. Understanding them is crucial to safeguard your invention. Utility patents are for new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are best and shield the owner from copycats and other competitors. They are typically issued to improve or alter existing inventions. Utility patents also cover enhancements and modifications to existing inventions. A process patent would be a way to describe the actions or methods of performing a particular act. But, a chemical composition could be the combination of components.
What is the average length of patents? Patents for utility last for 20 years after the earliest filing date, but their expirations can be extended due to delays at the patent office, for example.
Are you considering the patentability of your ideas? Patents are granted only to the first applicants to file which is why you must file as quickly as possible. Call PatentPC today to file your patent application filed!
Patent searches are an essential step when you are drafting a patent application. This will enable you to discover other ideas and give you an understanding of them. This can help you restrict the scope of your invention. It is also possible to learn about the technological advancements in your field of invention. You’ll be able to get a better idea of what your idea should be and will be better prepared to write your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
A patent search is the initial step towards obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application has been submitted, the product that is that is covered by the patent application could be described as patent-pending. you will be able to locate the patent application on public pair. Once the patent office has approved your application, you will be able to conduct a patent number look to locate the patent issued. Your product will be patented. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines like espacenet, which is described below. A patent lawyer or attorney can assist you with the process. In the US, patents are issued by the US trademark and patent office or by the United States patent and trademark office, which also examines trademark applications.
Are you looking for similar patents? These are the steps to follow:
1. Brainstorm terms to describe your invention, based on its purpose and composition or usage.
Write down a concise detailed description of the invention. Do not use generic terms such as “device”, “process,” or “system”. Instead, think about synonyms for the terms you selected initially. Then, note crucial technical terms, as well as key words.
To help you identify terms and keywords, you can use the following questions.
- What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is the invention a method of making something or an action? Is it a product?
- What is the composition of the invention? What is the invention’s physical structure?
- What is the goal of the invention?
- What are technical terms and phrases that define the nature of an invention? To assist you in finding the right terms, refer to a technical dictionary.
2. These terms will enable you to search for relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at Classification Search Tool. If you’re not able to locate the appropriate classification for your invention, look through the Schemas of classes (class schedules). Think about substituting the words you use for describing your invention, if you fail to get any results from the Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in step 1.
3. Examine 3. Review the CPC Classification Definition to verify the relevancy of the CPC classification you’ve discovered. The link to the CPC classification definition is given in the event that the title of the classification contains a blue box with “D” to its left. CPC classification definitions can be used to determine the scope of the classification which is why you can be sure to select the most pertinent. Furthermore, these definitions can include research tips and other suggestions that could be useful for further research.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to find patent documents that are accompanied by the CPC classification. By focusing on abstracts and representative drawings, you can narrow down your search for the relevant patent documents.
5. Take advantage of this list of most relevant patent publications to examine each one thoroughly for the similarities to your idea. Pay close attention to the claims and specifications. Refer to the applicant and patent examiner to obtain additional patents.
6. You can find published patent applications that meet the CPC classification you picked in Step 3. You can apply the same search strategy as Step 4, narrowing your search results down to the most relevant patent application by looking at the abstract as well as the drawings that appear on each page. Then, you must carefully review the published patent applications, paying particular attention to the claims and additional drawings.
7. Locate additional US patent publications by keyword searching in PatFT or AppFT databases, classification searching of non-U.S. patents as described below, and searching non-patent publications of inventions with web search engines. For instance:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.