Apple Inc. (Cupertino, CA)
Field of the Invention
The invention relates to media devices and, specifically, the management of media stored on them.
Description of the Related Art
Media players store media assets, such as audio tracks or photos, that can be played and displayed on the media player. The iPod.RTM is a prime illustration of a. It is available at Apple Computer, Inc. located in Cupertino, California. A media player typically gets its media assets from a host computer that is used to allow a user to manage media assets. Media management software can be executed by the host computer to control media assets. An example of a media management application is iTunes.RTM., version 4.2, produced by Apple Computer, Inc.
Media files can be transferred between host computers and the media player with the using a drag and drop feature, or through an automatic sync once a bus connection over a peripheral cable connects the media player to the hostcomputer. Further information on automatic synchronization are provided in U.S. Patent Publication No. : 2003/0167318 A1, which is herein incorporated by reference.
In managing media assets, a user can create playlists for audio tracks. These playlists may be made on the host system. The playlists are able to be used to create media assets that can then be copied to the media player. The capacity for storage of the media players is usually greater than the amount of media assets available on the host computer. In such case the user of the host computer may select a specific subset of media assets on the host computer that will be copied to the media player. A user could, for instance, choose specific playlists that will be copied to media players after they are being synchronized.
A media player could be considered to be a source for media that can be used by an application for managing media as long as it is linked to the host machine. Media management software will show a visual representation of the media player after it detects the player. However, once the media player has been disconnected, the representation in visual form of the media player disappears. Hence, media assets, namely playlists of media assets, on the media player , can be managed atthe host computer only if the media player is connected to the host computer. The media player is not controlled by the host computer even if it isn’t connected to the host computer. This could be a problem for those who wish to control the media assets through the media player using the host computer.
There is a need to improve methods to make it easier to manage and utilization of media assets on media devices.
The invention is based on more efficient methods of managing a group or media objects (or media assets) and on a computing device. The media items can be used and managed on the host computer. It could also be utilized by a media device (e.g. media player) that can couple with the host computer. One popular example of a set of media items is known as a playlist. It could be a collection of audio tracks.
One of the features of the invention relates to creating a permanent playlist for a media device on the host machine. The persistent media device playlist is a dedicated playlist for the media device which can couple to the host computer. Another feature of the invention concerns the capability to limit the capacity of a playlist such as one that is a media playlist. Still another aspect of the invention is related to a graphic user interface that allows users to trade off the capacity of storage on a media device between storage for media assets and non-media storage for assets. Another aspect of the invention is a visual interface that allows a user to choose media items to fill an array of media items.
The invention may be utilized in numerous ways, including as a system, method device, device, apparatus (including GUI) or computer-readable medium. Below are various examples of this invention.
A specific embodiment of the invention is the following display of a playlist indicator on the host screen; showing a list of audio tracks within the media playlist on the screen checking whether the media player is linked to the host machine and updating the audio tracks on media devices once audio tracks have been removed or added to the media playlist.
Another version of the invention comprises managing a media playlist on a host machine and an device. It also comprises the following displays a media-playlist indicator on the host’s display and displaying an audio track representation on the screen; the entire audio track being saved locally on host computers as well as at the very least, some audio tracks on the device as well as managing audio tracks in the playlist of media by the addition or removal of audio tracks from or to the media playlist.
One example of the invention is a computer-readable medium which contains at least one computer-generated program code for managing a multimedia device media groups for use in a host and other media devices. It also contains computer code that shows a media gadget’s media grouping indicator a of the host computer’s screen as well as computer code that allows users to access the media item media grouping from their computer, regardless of whether or not the device is connected as well as computer code that update media items on the mediadevice once the user has added items to the media device or removed them
A computer-readable medium that contains many computer program codes for managing the media grouping that can be used on a server computer as well as a device is another embodiment of the invention. It also contains computer program codes that display a media grouping indicator on the host’s display as well as computer programcodes for displaying an image of the media items that belong to the grouping on the screen; the media items are locally stored on the host computer, and at the very least, some media items stored on the device and computer program code to manage media items in the grouping, by adding or recording
The following detailed description and the accompanying drawings will allow you understand the other features and advantages of the invention.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
Get Patents with PatentPC
What is a patent?
A patent is granted by the government to protect an invention, a patent provides the inventor with the exclusive right to create, use the invention, market and promote the invention? Society benefits when a new technology is brought to the market. The benefits can be realized immediately as people are able to perform feats previously thought impossible as well as indirectly through the economic opportunities that innovation provides (business growth, employment).
A lot of pharmaceutical companies and researchers at universities seek patent protection to protect their research and development. A patent can cover the physical or abstract nature of a product or process, or even a method or composition of materials that are new to the area. Patent protection must be granted to an invention that is beneficial unique, innovative, and not already known by others in the same field.
Patents are awarded to inventors who have commercially successful inventions. They are an incentive to inventors to come up with new ideas. Small companies and inventors can be certain that they will receive a return on their investment in technology advancement through patents. It means that they can make a living by their work.
Patents play essential roles in firms and can be used to:
Protect new products and services that are innovative;
Increase the value, popularity, and appeal of your products on the market;
Differentiate yourself and your products from the competition.
Get business and technical details.
Avoid accidentally using third-party content or loosing valuable information, original outputs, or any other creative output.
Patents transform inventors’ knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset that opens up new possibilities for employment creation and business growth by licensing or joint ventures.
Small-scale businesses with patent protection are more attractive to investors involved in the commercialization and development of technology.
Patenting can lead to innovations and new ideas. This information can encourage creativity and could be eligible for protection under patents.
Patents are a way to stop untrustworthy third parties from profiting through the work of inventions.
Commercially successful patent-protected technology revenues can be used to fund technological research and development (R&D) and increase the chance of better technology in the coming years.
Intellectual property ownership can be used to convince investors and lenders that there are real chances to commercialize your product. One patent that is powerful could provide multiple financing opportunities. Patents and other IP assets can be used as collateral or security to finance debt. Investors can also see your patent assets to boost company valuation. Forbes and others have noted that every patent could add anywhere from $500,000 to one million dollars to your company’s valuation.
A well-designed business plan is crucial for startups. It must be built on IP and demonstrate how your product/service is distinct. Investors will also be impressed when you prove that your IP rights are secure or in progress of being secure and that they are in line with your business strategy.
It is vital to protect an invention prior to filing a patent application. The public divulging an invention could be detrimental to its novelty and render it invalid. Therefore, pre-filing disclosures (e.g. for testing-marketing investors, investors, or for other business partners) must only be done following the signing of a confidentiality agreement.
There are many types of patents. Knowing them is essential to safeguard your invention. Utility patents protect new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most effective and protect the owner against copies and competitors. Frequently, utility patents are issued for alterations or improvements to existing inventions. Utility patents also cover improvements and changes in existing inventions. A process patent will describe the methods or actions of performing a particular act. But, a chemical composition could be the combination of ingredients.
What is the typical length of a patent? Patents that are utility-related last for 20 years from the initial date of filing, however their expiration dates can be extended because of delays in the patent office such as.
Are you looking to patent your ideas? Patents are granted only for applicants who are first to file and you must file quickly – call an attorney for patents at PatentPC to patent your idea today!
When drafting your patent application when you are writing a patent application, it is best to conduct a patent search, as the search will give you an understanding of other people’s thoughts. This allows you to restrict the extent of your invention. Also, you can discover the current state of the art within your area of invention. This will assist you in understand the scope of your invention and prepare you for filing your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step in getting the patent you want is to do a patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. After the patent application has been filed, the product that is covered by the patent application could be referred to as patent-pending and you can find the patent application online on the public pair. When the patent office is satisfied with your application, you will be able do an examination of the patent number to locate the issued patent. Your product will then become a patent. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you can use other search engines, such as espacenet, which is described below. It is possible to seek help from a patent attorney or patent attorney. In the US, patents are issued through the US patent and trademark office as well as the United States patent and trademark office, which also reviews trademark applications.
Are you interested in finding similar patents? Here are the steps to follow:
1. Create a list of terms for your invention in relation to its intended and composition or usage.
Start by writing down a succinct detailed description of your invention. Avoid using generic terms such as “device”, “process,” or “system”. Think about synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Next, note important technical terms as well as keywords.
Utilize the following questions to help you identify keywords or concepts.
- What’s the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Does the invention consist of a method of making something or performing a function? Or is it a product or process?
- What is the composition of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
- What is the purpose of this invention?
- What are technical terms and keywords that describe the characteristics of an invention? A technical dictionary can help you find the appropriate terms.
2. These terms allow you to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Search Tool. To determine the most suitable classification for your invention, go through the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). If you do not get results from the Classification Text Search, you may want to consider replacing the words for describing your invention with synonyms.
3. Go through 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition to confirm the accuracy of the CPC classification that you’ve located. The link to a CPC classification definition is provided when the classification you have selected is a blue square with a “D” to the left. CPC classification definitions can assist you in determining the classification’s scope of application so that you can select the most relevant. In addition the definitions may include search tips and other suggestions that may be useful to conduct further research.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. You can review and find the most relevant patent publications using the abstract and the drawings that are representative.
5. Take advantage of this list of most pertinent patent documents to examine each one in depth for any similarity to your own invention. Be sure to read the claims and specifications. It is possible to find additional patents by consulting the patent examiner and applicant.
6. Search for patent applications that have been published using the CPC classification you picked in Step 3 in the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. It is also possible to use the same strategy of searching you used in Step 4 to narrow down your search results to just the most relevant patent applications by looking over the abstracts as well as the drawings for each page. After that, take a close look at the patent applications that have been published with particular attention paid to the claims and additional drawings.
7. Locate other US patents using keywords search in AppFT or PatFT databases, classification searches of non-U.S. patents per below, and searching non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using internet search engines. Examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.