NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY (Espoo, FI)
What is a Patent for Interference-resistant compensation for illumination devices having multiple emitter modules
Search Patent for Interference-resistant compensation for illumination devices having multiple emitter modules
The embodiments of the invention generally relate to mobile or wireless communications networks such as the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, UMTS, Terrestrial Radio Access Network, UTRAN, Long Term Evolution, LTE (A), LTE (A Pro), LTE (A), LTE (A Pro) and/or 5G radio accessibility technology or new radio technology (NR). Some embodiments can relate to the size of physical resource blocks (PRB) or precoder resource blocks groups(PRG) and/or precoder resources block groups (PRG).
Description of Related Art
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) refers to an internet-connected network that includes base stations, or Node Bs, and for example radio network controllers (RNC). UTRAN connects the user equipment (UE) and the core network. The RNC provides control functions for the Node Bs of one or more. The RNC and its corresponding Node Bs are referred to as the Radio Network Sub-system (RNS). E-UTRAN (enhanced UTRAN) does do not come with a RNC. The radio access is only available through an upgraded Node B or eNodeB or many eNBs. For example, multiple ENBs could be connected to one UE connection, in the case of Coordinated Multipoint Transmission, or in dual connectivity.
Long Term Evolution (LTE) also known as E-UTRAN refers specifically to enhancements of the UMTS through increased efficiency and services, less costs, and use of new spectrum possibilities. LTE is an 3GPP standard, allows high-speed uplinks that are at least 75 megabits per sec (Mbps) for each carrier, and a downlink maximum speed of at least 300 Mbps per carrier. LTE can scale bandwidths of carriers from 20 MHz up to 1.4MHz. It supports both Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD) as well as Time Division Duplexing, (TDD).
LTE, as mentioned, may improve spectrum efficiency that allows carriers to provide more data and voice services on the same bandwidth. This is why LTE is specifically designed to meet the needs for high-speed media and data transportin addition to high capacity voice support. Advantages of LTE include, for instance, high throughput, low latency, FDD and TDD support within the same platform, improved end-user experience, and a simple architecture resulting in low operating costs.
Some 3GPP LTE releases (e.g. LTE Rel-10 and LTE Rel-11) are targeted at international mobile communications (IMT-A) systems. They are called LTE Advanced (LTE A).
LTE-A is directed toward extending and optimizing 3GPP LTE radio access technology. LTE-A aims to offer significantly better services with greater data rates, less latency , and lower costs. LTE-A is a better optimized radio system fulfilling the international telecommunication union radio (ITU-R) requirements for IMT-Advanced, while ensuring the backward compatibility. LTE Rel-10 introduced carrier aggregate in LTE-A. This allows for better data rates , by aggregating two or more LTE carriers.
5.sup.th generation (5G), or new radio (NR), wireless systems, refers to the next generation (NG), of radio systems. 5G is anticipated to provide greater coverage and bitrates than the currently available LTE systems. 5G is expected to offer speeds 100 times higher than LTE (e.g. 10-20 Gbit/s). 5G will support at least enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) and ultra-reliable low-latency-communication (URLLC). 5G will also improve network expandability, potentially permitting hundreds of thousands more connections. The 5G signal technology will advance to provide better coverage and greater spectral efficiency. 5G is expected to deliver extreme broadband andultra-robust connectivity, with low latency and massive network connectivity to aid in the Internet of Things (IoT). As IoT and machine-to-machine (M2M) is becoming more widespread, networks will need to be capable of providing low power and low data rates as well as long battery lives. The next generation node (gNB) may be called the node B in 5G , or NR.
One of the embodiments is directed at an approach that could involve determining the precoding resource block group (PRG) size that is based at least on the bandwidth of the operating equipment used by the user, defining a configurable precoding resource block group (PRG) determined based on the precoding resource’s minimum block group (PRG) size and indicating the precoding resource block group (PRG) that is set to the equipment of the user.
Another embodiment is directed at an apparatus that includes at least one processor, at most one memory, and a computer program code. The apparatus is configured with at least one processor and at least one memory in order to define a minimum precoding resource block group size (PRG) as well as determine a configurable precoding block group (PRG) and indicate the precoding block group(PRG).
Computer programs are a different method of embodiment. It may be encoded on non-transitory computer-readable media. The computer program is configured to control a processor to perform a task that could include determining a minimum precoding resource block group (PRG) size that is based on at least a user equipment’s operating bandwidth and defining a precoding configurable resource block group (PRG) set based on the precoding resource block group (PRG) size, and signaling the precodingresource group (PRG) set to the user’s equipment.
A different embodiment is directed towards an apparatus that may include determining means for determining the minimum precoding resource block group (PRG) size that is based on at least the operating bandwidth of the user equipment and defining means for defining an adjustable precoding resource block group (PRG) determined based on the precoding resource block group (PRG) size and signaling methods to communicate the precoding resource block group (PRG) set to the user equipment.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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Patent searches are the very first step in obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is submitted, the product that is that is covered by the patent application could be called patent-pending, and you can find the patent application on public pair. When the patent office has endorsed the application, you can do a patent number search to find the issued patent, and your product will now be patented. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines such as espacenet, as detailed below. A patent lawyer or patent attorney can assist you with the process. In the US, patents are issued by the US trademark and patent office, also known as the United States patent and trademark office, which is also responsible for examining trademark applications.
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2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Text Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification to your invention, look through the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). Think about substituting the words you’re using for describing your invention, if you fail to get any results from the Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in Step 1.
3. Check the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you’ve found. If the selected classification title includes a blue square with the letter “D” to its left, clicking on the link will direct you to the CPC description of the classification. CPC classification definitions will help you determine the applicable classification’s scope of application so that you can choose the one that is most appropriate. In addition, these definitions can include some tips for searching and other information that may be useful to further study.
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