SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. (Gyeonggi-Do, KR)
Image sensors convert light ray that is reflected from outside into an electrical signal. An image sensor is generally classified as a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor or a charge coupled device (CCD) image sensor.Because it is possible to manufacture the CMOS image sensor through a general-purpose semiconductor manufacturing device, the CMOS image sensor may be relatively inexpensive compared with the CCD image sensor. The CCD image sensor can obtain an imagequality which is superior to the image sensor CMOS.
The resolution of image data grows and the number of pixels increases. But, the time required to extract the information from the sensor (e.g. 1H) decreases. That is, as the time to read images decreases and the number ofpixels increases, various noises occur within the image sensors. Because of this, a variety of methods are being designed to address this issue.
Examples of inventive concepts provide image sensors that have improved reliability and improved performance as well as operation methods for them.
A typical example of an image sensor device includes pixels that convert the light signal into electrical signals, and outputs them via a dataline, a current bias element that is connected between ground voltage and data line and a self pull-down circuit that is linked between ground voltage and data line . It can be configured to lower the dataline based on the voltage output of the data line.
One example embodiment of an image sensor is a row driver that outputs the control signals for pixels. The first pixel is connected to an information line. It is set up to convert a first light to an electrical signal and output that signal via the first line. The second pixel is connected to an information line. The first self-pull-down circuit is connected to the ground voltage and the first data lines. It operates in responseto the second voltage output.
One example embodiment of an operation technique that applies to an image sensor device, which has an image sensor pixel that can convert a light signal to an electrical signal and delivering the converted signal via a dataline is performing a reset function on it, performing a reset samplingoperation on the dataline to generate reset data, and performing an operation that performs self-pull down operations on it. This is based on a period between a time the reset operation has been completed and the time at which the reset sampling operation is initiated, or a period from the transfer process and when the pixel sampling process is initiated when the transfer is done to start pixel samplingClick here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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Patents are granted by the government to protect the invention. It grants the inventor the sole right to create, use and market the idea. Society benefits when new technology is introduced to the market. These benefits could be realized directly as individuals are able to accomplish previously unattainable feats or through the economic opportunities that innovation provides (business expansion, job creation).
Many drug firms and researchers from universities are seeking patent protection for their research and development. Patents can be granted for products, processes, or method of creating new materials. Patent protection must be granted to any invention that is valuable or novel and is not previously known to others in the same field.
Patents reward inventors who have commercially successful inventions. They provide a reason for inventors to come up with new ideas. Small-scale businesses and inventors can rest certain that they will receive the most return from the investment they make in technology advancement through patents. They could earn a decent income from their work.
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Patents can transform an inventor’s information into a tradeable asset that opens up new possibilities to create jobs and boost business growth through joint ventures or licensing.
Investors who are involved in the commercialization and development of technology will appreciate small companies with patent protection to be more attractive.
Patenting may lead to the development of innovative ideas and inventions. This information can promote creativity and could be eligible for protection under patents.
Patents can serve as an effective deterrent for untrustworthy third parties who profit from the efforts of an invention.
Patent-protected technology that is commercially profitable can be used to fund technology-related research and development (R&D) that will improve the chances of better technology in future.
You can leverage intellectual property ownership to convince investors and lenders that your product has commercial potential. One powerful patent may provide numerous financing options. Patents and other IP assets can be used as collateral or as security to finance debt. Investors can also see your patent assets in order to boost the value of their company. Forbes and other publications have pointed out that every patent can boost the value of a company by anything from $500,000 to $1 million.
Startups require a well-designed business plan that builds on the IP to show that your product or service is distinctive and superior or ingenuous. Investors will also be amazed if your IP rights are secured or in the process to being secured, and they are in line with your business strategy.
It is crucial to protect an invention before applying for patent protection. Making an invention public before it is filed can often destroy its novelty and render it unpatentable. The filing of disclosures prior to filing, for example, for investors, test-marketing or other business partners, is best done after signing a confidentiality contract.
There are a variety of patents. Understanding them is crucial for protecting your invention. Patents for utility cover processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most effective to protect the owner from copycats and other competitors. Frequently they are granted to improve or modify existing inventions. They can also be used to improve or modify existing inventions. For example, a procedure patent will be able to cover actions or methods for performing an action, while chemical compositions will comprise a mixture of ingredients.
What is the average length of patents? Although utility patents last for 20 years from the date of their initial filing, they can be extended by delays at the Patent Office.
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A patent search is the first step towards obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is filed, the item subject to the patent can be called patent-pending, and you can locate the patent application on public pair. When the patent office is satisfied with your application, you’ll be able to do a patent number look to locate the issued patent. Your product will then be patented. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you can use other search engines, such as espacenet, as detailed below. You can get help from an attorney for patents. Patents in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office, also known as the United States patent office and trademark office. The office also examines trademark applications.
Are you looking for similar patents? These are the steps you should follow:
1. Create a list of terms for your invention in relation to its intended, composition, or use.
Write down a concise detailed description of the invention. Be sure to avoid using terms that are generic such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Consider synonyms for the terms you picked initially. Next, take note of significant technical terms, as well as keywords.
Use the questions below to help you determine the keywords or concepts.
- What’s the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is inventing a method to come up with something or to perform an action? Does it constitute a product?
- What is the composition of the invention? What is the physical composition?
- What’s the objective of the invention?
- What are the technical terms and keywords that describe the nature of an invention? To find the correct terms, consult the technical dictionary.
2. These terms will enable you to look up relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Search Tool. To determine the most suitable classification for your invention, scan the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). If you don’t get any results from the Classification Text Search, you may consider substituting the words to describe your invention using synonyms.
3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition to verify the validity of the CPC classification you’ve found. The link to the CPC classification definition will be provided if the chosen classification title has a blue box that includes “D” to the left. CPC classification definitions can assist you in determining the classification’s coverage so that you can pick the one that is the most appropriate. Furthermore they can provide search tips and other suggestions that could be useful for further research.
4. Retrieve patent documents with the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. By focusing on abstracts and illustrations you can narrow your search for patents that are most pertinent to your needs.
5. This collection of patent publication is the best to check for similarity with your invention. Be sure to read the claims and specifications. You may find additional patents through contacting the patent examiner and the applicant.
6. Retrieve published patent applications with the CPC classification you chose in Step 3 from the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can also use the same strategy of searching you utilized in Step 4 to narrow your results to just the most relevant patents by reading the abstracts and drawings for every page. Then, you must carefully review the patent applications published with particular attention paid to the claims and additional drawings.
7. You can look up other US patent publications using keywords in the AppFT and PatFT databases, and also the classification search of patents that are that are not issued by the United States according to below. You can also utilize web search engines to search for non-patent-related documents that describe inventions in the literature. Here are some examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.