CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (Paris, FR) INSTITUT CURIE (Paris, FR) UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE (Paris, FR)
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What is a patent?
Patents are granted by the government to protect the invention. It gives the inventor the sole right to create, use and market the invention. Society is benefited when new technology is brought for sale. The benefits can be in directly, in that it allows people to do previously impossible things. Or indirectly through the economic opportunities (business growth and employment) which the invention provides.
A lot of pharmaceutical companies and researchers at universities seek protection under patents for their research and developments. Patents may cover a physical or abstract product or process, or the method or composition of material unique to the area. Patent protection must be granted to an invention that is beneficial or novel and is not yet known by other people in the same field.
Patents reward inventors who have commercially viable inventions. They provide a motivation for inventors to invent. Patents allow inventors and small companies to be confident that there’s the possibility that they’ll get a profit for their time, effort, and money invested in the development of technology. They can earn money from their work.
Patents play essential roles in companies, and they can:
Secure new products and services that are innovative;
Increase the visibility and value of your products on market
Make your company and your products stand out from others.
Get technical and business information.
Avoid accidentally using third-party content or losing important data, creative outputs or any other creative output.
Patents can transform an inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset which opens new opportunities for employment creation and business expansion through joint ventures or licensing.
Small businesses that have patent protection are more appealing to investors who are involved in the development and commercialization of technology.
Patenting could lead to the development of innovations and new ideas. These information may be protected under patents.
Patents can be used to stop untrustworthy third parties from profiting through the work of inventions.
Commercially successful patent-protected technology revenues could be used to finance technological research and development (R&D) and improve the chances of developing better technology in the coming years.
It is possible to use intellectual property ownership to convince lenders and investors that your product is a viable commercial potential. A single patent could lead to numerous financing options. Patents and other IP assets as collateral or security for financing. Investors can also see your patent assets in order to increase their company valuation. Forbes and other publications have reported that every patent could add between $500,000 and one million dollars to company valuation.
A well-crafted business plan is vital for start-ups. It should be based on IP and explain what your service or product is distinct. Investors will also be impressed if you can show that your IP rights are secure or in the process of becoming secure, and that they are in line with your business strategy.
It is crucial to keep your invention secret until you apply for patent protection. Public disclosure of an invention before it is filed can typically devalue its novelty and render it unpatentable. Therefore, prior filing disclosures (e.g. for testing-marketing investors, test-marketing, or for other business partners) should only be made after signing a confidentiality agreement.
There are a variety of patents. Understanding them is crucial to protect your invention. Patents for utility cover processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are best to protect the proprietor from copies and competitors. In most cases the utility patents are granted for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. Utility patents can also be used to cover improvements and modifications to existing inventions. For instance, a process patent will be able to cover actions or methods of doing a specific act, whereas chemical compositions will comprise an assortment of ingredients.
What is the typical length of patents? Patents that are utility-related last 20 years from the earliest filing date, however, their expirations may be extended because of patent office delays for instance.
Are you looking to protect your idea? Patents are only granted to applicants who are the first to file, therefore you need to file your patent application quickly. Call PatentPC now to have your patent application filed!
Patent searches are an essential step when you’re writing a patent application. This allows you to discover different ideas and give you insights into the potential of them. This can help you limit the potential of your invention. Additionally, you’ll be able to discover the latest art in your field of invention. This will allow you to understand the scope of your invention as well as prepare you for filing your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
A patent search is the very first step to getting your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. After the patent application has been filed, the product subject to the patent can be called patent-pending, and you can find the patent application on a public pair. When the patent office has endorsed the application, you will be able to perform a patent search to locate the patent issued which means that your product has been granted patent. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you may also use other search engines such as espacenet, as detailed below. You can get help from an attorney who is a patent or patent attorney. In the US patents are granted by the US patent and trademark office or the United States patent and trademark office, which also reviews trademark applications.
Are you interested in similar patents? These are the steps you should follow:
1. Think of terms to describe your invention based on the intention, composition, and use.
Start by writing down a succinct detailed description of your idea. Don’t use generic terms like “device”, “process” or “system”. Look for synonyms to the terms you chose initially. Then, note crucial technical terms and keywords.
Use the questions below to help you determine keywords or concepts.
- What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is invention a way to make something or carry out a function? Does it constitute an object?
- What is the composition of the invention? What is the invention’s physical composition?
- What’s the purpose of the invention?
- What are the technical terms and keywords that describe the characteristics of an invention? To help you find the appropriate terms, use an online dictionary of technical terms.
2. These terms let you look up relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications using the Classification Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification to your invention, go through the classification’s class Schemes (class schedules). You may want to consider substituting the terms that you’re using for describing your invention, if you do not find any results in the Classification Text Search with synonyms like the ones you used in step 1.
3. Go through 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition to determine the accuracy of the CPC classification you’ve discovered. The hyperlink to a CPC classification definition will be provided in the event that the title of the classification has a blue box that includes “D” on the left. CPC classification definitions will aid you in determining the classification’s scope of application so that you can select the one that is most appropriate. The definitions could also contain research tips or other suggestions which could prove useful in further study.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. By focusing on abstracts and drawings that are representative it is possible to narrow your search to the most relevant patent publications.
5. This list of patent publication is the best to check for similarity to your idea. Be sure to read the specification and claims. There are many patents available by consulting the patent examiner as well as the applicant.
6. Search for patent applications that have been published using the CPC classification you selected in Step 3 in the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can use the same method of search in Step 4 to narrow your search results down to the most relevant patent application by examining the abstract and representative illustrations on every page. The next step is to review the patent applications that have been published carefully, paying special attention to the claims and other drawings.
7. You can search for additional US patent publications using keyword searching in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also classification searches for non-U.S. Patents per below. Additionally, you can make use of search engines on the internet to find non-patent patent disclosures in literature about inventions. For example:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.