International Business Machines Corporation (Armonk, NY)
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention is generally referred to a computer-implemented method, a data processing system and a computer-programmed product. The present invention is more specifically a computer-implemented technique, a data processor system as well as a computer program product that can provide services in a virtual environment.
2. Description of Related Art
A virtual universe (VU) is also referred to as , “3D Internet” or “3D Internet”, a computer-based simulation environment. Virtual universes are a few examples. Second Life.RTM., Entropia Universe, The Sims Online.RTM., There, and Red Light Center.Other examples of virtual universes include online multiplayer games like EverQuest.RTM., Ultima Online.RTM., Lineage.RTM., and World of Warcraft.RTM. (WoW).
Virtual universes can be visualized with three-dimensional (3D) pictures and landscapes. The elements and properties of the virtual world often look like the elements of reality, for instance in the sense of homes, physics, and landscapes. Virtual universes are full of thousands of users. Some users are referred to as “residents” in the virtual universe.
The virtual universe can interactwith, navigate, and inhabit the virtual world with avatars. An avatar is a graphic representation of a user who other users of the virtual world can view and interact with. The avatar’s appearance and appearance are usually determined by the user. It is often cartoonish like an individual human. The avatars may also adopt non-human appearances such as animals, fairies and trolls.
A viewable field refers the visible area of an individual user. A user’s viewable fields could include avatars or objects of other users. A thing is an object in a virtual world that is not a representation of an individual. An object may include, for instance, buildings, statues or billboards, signposts and even advertisements in the virtual universe. The field that a viewer can view for an individual user is calculated by the virtual universe grid software in accordance with the geometries and texturesthat are currently loaded in the virtual universe client of the user. Based on the processing of data sent by each client in the virtual universe, the virtual universe grid decides the length of time a user is able to be able to view an object.
There are many objects in virtual worlds. There are times when one or more objects in the field of view for a specific user may be obstructed from view by other objects in the virtual environment such that the user is unable observe the one or more obstructed objects. The sign could be obscured behind a bigger sign or statue. Certain objects may be difficult to locate due to their location and other characteristics such as lighting or color.
A computer-implemented technique or a computer program product, and a data processing systems alert a real world representative for an event within a virtual world. An indication of an avatar in the virtual world, interacting with a virtual objectis received. A profile of the historical avatar is generated as a result of an avatar communicating with an object that is virtual. A notification trigger is then forwarded to an electronic device external of the virtual world in which the avatar has interacted with the virtual object, wherein the notification contains the profile of the historical.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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What is a patent?
The government grants patents to safeguard an invention, patents grant the inventor with exclusive rights to use, create, market and promote the invention? society benefits when a new technology is introduced to the market. Benefits can be realized in the direct sense, since it can allow people to do previously impossible things. Or indirectly through the economic opportunities (business expansion and job creation) that innovation provides.
Patent protection is demanded by a variety of universities and pharmaceutical companies for their research and development. Patents are granted for products, processes, or method of making new materials. Patent protection is granted to an invention that is beneficial, novel, and not yet known by other people in the same field.
Patents honor inventors who have commercially profitable inventions. They provide a motivation for inventors to invent. Small companies and inventors are sure that they will earn an income from their investment in technology development through patents. This means they will be able to make a living by their work.
Patents are a crucial part of businesses with the ability to:
Secure innovative products and services;
Improve the visibility and the value of your products ‘ presence on the market
Make your brand stand out from the rest.
Find out about business and technical information.
Avoid the danger of accidentally using proprietary third-party content, or losing valuable data, original outputs, or another creative output.
Patents transform inventors’ knowledge into a marketable asset which opens new opportunities for employment creation and expansion of businesses through joint ventures or licensing.
Investors involved in the development and commercialization of technology will appreciate small businesses with patent protection appealing.
Patents can bring about innovative ideas and inventions. This information can encourage innovation and may qualify for protection under patents.
Patents are a way to stop untrustworthy third parties from making money from the invention’s efforts.
Patent-protected technology revenue that is commercially profitable could be used to fund technology-related research and development (R&D), which will improve the chances of better technology in future.
You can leverage the intellectual property rights of your company to convince lenders and investors that your product has real commercial value. One powerful patent may lead to multiple financing opportunities. Patents can be used along with other IP assets as collateral or security financing. Investors are also able to view the patents you own to increase their company valuation. Forbes and others have noted that each patent could increase anywhere from $500,000 to one million dollars to your company’s valuation.
Start-ups need a well-constructed business plan that builds on the IP to prove your product or service is distinctive, superior, or innovative. Investors will also be impressed if your IP rights are secure or are in the process of becoming secure, and if they are in line with your business strategy.
It is crucial to keep an invention secret until you file to protect it with patents. Making an invention public prior to filing can often destroy its novelty and make it ineligible for patent protection. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g. for test-marketing investors, test-marketing, or any other business partners) should only be made upon signing a confidentiality contract.
There are a variety of patents. Knowing them is essential to protect your invention. Utility patents protect new methods and inventions made by machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the best as they protect the owner from copycats and other competitors. Patents for utility are usually issued to improve or alter existing inventions. Utility patents can also be used to cover improvements and modifications in existing inventions. A process patent would cover the acts or methods to perform a specific action. But, a chemical composition would include an amalgamation of components.
What is the typical length of patents? Patents for utility last for 20 years after the earliest date they were filed, but their expirations may be extended due to delays at the patent office, for example.
Do you wish to protect your idea? Patents are only granted to applicants who file first, therefore you need to file your patent application quickly. Call PatentPC today to get your patent application submitted!
A patent search is a must when you are drafting the patent application. This allows you to discover other ideas and give you insight into their potential. It will help you narrow down the scope of your idea. In addition, you can be aware of the current state of art in your field of innovation. You’ll have a better idea of what your idea should be, and you’ll be better prepared to write your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step in obtaining your patent is to perform the patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is filed, the item that is covered by the patent application could be described as patent-pending. you can find the patent application on a public pair. Once the patent office has approved your application, you’ll be able to do an examination of the patent number to locate the patent that was issued. Your product will now be patented. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines like espacenet as described below. Patent lawyers or a patent attorney can help you through the procedure. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office or the United States patent office. This office also reviews trademark applications.
Are you interested in similar patents? These are the steps to follow:
1. Think of terms to describe your invention, based on the purpose, composition and use.
Begin by writing down a succinct and precise description of your idea. Avoid using generic terms like “device,” “process,” and “system.” Instead, consider synonyms to the terms you selected initially. Next, note important technical terms and keywords.
To help you find keywords and concepts, use the following questions.
- What is the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Invention is a method to make something or carry out an action? Are you referring to a product?
- What is the structure of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
- What is the purpose of this invention?
- What are the technical terms and keywords used to describe the nature of an invention? A technical dictionary can help you find the appropriate phrases.
2. Use these terms to search for relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you are unable to determine the correct classification for your invention, look through the classification’s Schemas of classes (class schedules). If you do not get results from the Classification Text Search, you may consider substituting the words for describing your invention using synonyms.
3. Examine 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition to verify the accuracy of the CPC classification that you have located. If the classification you have selected has a blue box with “D” The link to the CPC classification definition will be given. CPC classification definitions can help identify the specific classification’s scope and therefore you’re certain to pick the most relevant. The definitions could also contain research tips or other suggestions which could prove useful in further research.
4. Find patent documents that have the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. You can review and select the relevant patent documents by looking first at abstract and representative drawings.
5. This collection of patent publications is the best to look at for any connections to your idea. Take note of the claims and specifications. Contact the applicant as well as the patent examiner for any additional patents.
6. You can find published patent applications that meet the CPC classification you picked in Step 3. You can use the same strategy of searching in Step 4 to narrow your results down to the relevant patent applications by examining the abstract and representative drawings that appear on each page. The next step is to review every patent application that has been published with care and pay particular attention to the claims, and other drawings.
7. You can find other US patent publications by keywords in the AppFT and PatFT databases, and also search for patents classified as not from the US per below. Additionally, you can use web search engines to search for non-patent-related documents that describe inventions in the literature. Here are a few examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.