Oracle International Corporation (Redwood Shores, CA)
What is a Patent for Adaptive authorization using access token
Search Patent for Adaptive authorization using access token
Authentication and authorization are sometimes required for accessing resources within a computing environment. Many enterprise clients prefer to use cloud-based identity servers (e.g. one that runs Identity Cloud Services (IDCS), software from Oracle Corporation.RTM.). for performing authentication and authorization when connecting with resources through clients, such as Web and mobile apps. Sometimes authentication is performed using the OpenID Connect protocol (OIDC) which is an overlay of the Open Authorization 2 Protocol (OAuth 2). Certain identity servers hosted in cloud can be set up to use rules to determine the access rights to resources that are protected. But, these rules are not enforced when dealing withgenerating an access token through an authorization process. When authorization is carried out in accordance with the OAuth 2 protocol, OAuth access tokens are checked for authenticity on the basis of the presence of an authentic digital signature issued by the authority that issued the token and examined for token validity. The OAuth 2 specification, as specified in Request For Comments (RFC) 749 is not able to support rules enforcement. Therefore, the entity that performs token validation (e.g. an access server hosting the resource that is to be accessible) does not enforce access rules.
Client applications are not able to implement access rules directly. Client applications cannot enforce access rules in-person. Instead, clients have to send a backchannel request through the identity server to ensure that the rules are followed. The identity server will examine the request and give an answer that is based on rules. One issue with this server-centric approach is that even while the identity server may have generated an access token for a user of the client application and for a defined set of scopes, the client application is still required to submit the backchannel request each time a user wants access to an protected resource for which the access token needs to be displayed.
The present disclosure relates generally to the enforcement of rules associated with access authorization to resources. Particularly the disclosure outlines methods for creating an enhanced token that is rule-based and can be utilized by a entity that receives tokens (e.g. or a client app or a WebGate acting as a single-sign-on agent), which contains rule information that allows the token-receiving entity to establish and implement one or several rules. This way rules can be enforced without making a trip to an identity server each time resources is requested by a user application. There are many inventive embodiments that are described in this document including systems, methods and non-transitory computer-readable storage media storingprograms and code.
In certain instances, a rule-enhanced token for access includes one or more restrictions which each constraint corresponds to a requirement for granting or denying access. The constraints of an access token can correspond to the following conditions: a period during which access can be granted, a period of time during which access is not denied, a group of users that is permitted access, a group of users that is denied acces or access, an Internet Protocol address that allows access or an IP address that denies access, a geographical location that is allowed and restricted access. The constraints are access rules.
A constraint may be defined in a variety of ways including, for example using machine-readable code that is embedded in the access token, or as a parameter value (e.g., a text string or a number) that is added to an allocated location within the access token. It is then parsed to determine the corresponding conditions.
In certain embodiments the method involves receiving, by an access management system (AMS or AM system) an access token request from a client program an access token request identifying a person as well as a resource that is to be accessible. Furthermore, the method comprises determining whether the user is authorized to access the resource. The initial access token is generated by the AMS in response to this decision. The first access token is subject to various restrictions. Each constraint is a condition that allows or hinders access to the resource. This procedure also includes sending of the first access token using the AMS to the client application. Access requests for access to the resource require that the first access token be provided. The constraints are taken from the first access token to determine if it is appropriate to proceed with the request for access.
The above and other features and embodiments will become more apparent upon referring to the specification, claims, and the accompanying drawings.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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The first step in obtaining your patent is to conduct an internet search for patents. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is filed, the product that is covered by the patent application could be called patent-pending, and you can find the patent application on public pair. After the patent office has approved the application, you can conduct a patent number search to find the patent that was issued which means that your product has been granted patent. It is also possible to use the USPTO search engine. Read on for more details. It is possible to seek help from a patent lawyer. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office as well as the United States Patent and Trademark office. The office also examines trademark applications.
Interested in finding more similar patents? Here are the steps to follow:
1. Think of terms to describe your invention, based on the intention, composition, and application.
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2. Use these terms to search for relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re unable to locate the appropriate classification to describe your invention through the classification’s class Schemas (class schedules) and try again. You may want to consider substituting the terms you’re using for describing your invention, if you fail to get any results from your Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in the first step.
3. Review 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition to verify the relevancy of the CPC classification that you have discovered. If the chosen classification is a blue box that has a “D” to its left, the hyperlink will take you to a CPC classification’s description. CPC classification definitions will help determine the scope of the classification and therefore you’re sure to select the most pertinent. These definitions may also include search tips or other suggestions that can be useful for further investigation.
4. Retrieve patent documents with the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. By focusing your search on abstracts and representative drawings you can narrow your search to find the relevant patent documents.
5. This selection of patent publications is the best to examine for connections to your invention. Pay attention to the claims and specification. Consult the applicant and patent examiner to obtain additional patents.
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7. Find additional US patent publications using keyword searching in PatFT or AppFT databases, searching for classification of non-U.S. patents using the below, and searching non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using web search engines. Here are a few examples:
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