Siemens Aktiengesellschaft (Munich, DE)
Visual recognition systems may apply machine learning based methods, such as a convolutional neural network, which can involve training the system to recognize features or objects of interest in an image according to learned classifications.Classifications may include tangible properties, such as identifying presence of a particular animate or inanimate thing. The system may be taught to identify objects in pictures.
Visual localization can be combined in conjunction with machine learning to identify anomalies in images or find out if objects are abnormal that might be causing them. Such applications are important to ensure the safety of employees andquality control within the production process. An inspection of abnormalities by employees is an effective method to detect anomalies. It can be accomplished either physically or through watching images taken from camera feeds.
Current methods of machine learning visual localization are based on practical limitations including requiring intensive manual pixel-wise or bounding boxes labeling of images that are training. The labeling process could include creating bounding boxes around the peculiar objects within an image. This is tedious and is not scalable.
Aspects according to embodiments of the present disclosure include a system for visual localization in a test image, which includes at least one storage device storing computer-executable instructions and at least one processor configured toaccess the at least one storage device and execute the instructions to generate, in plurality of scaled iterations, attention maps for a test image using a trained classifier network, wherein the classifier network is weakly supervised using image-levelclassifications. On a condition that forward-passing of the test image through the classifier network detects a particular class, a current map is generated by an inversion of the classifier network. The instructions that are executed may also extract, ineach scaled iteration, one or more regions of the current attention map that have attention values higher than a threshold. It can resize any of the one or more extracted regions as sub-images, in which the size of the sub-image is an incremental increase in size than the extracted region. Every subsequent attention map of respective scaled iterations may be constructed using an inversion of the classifier network for each sub-image on the condition that a forward pass of the sub-image through the classifier network detects thefirst class. Each scaled iteration could necessitate the removal from one or more regions of the current attention map if the current map is substantially different from the previous map. The instructions that are executed may also reveal a visual localization of the initial class of the test image based on one or more of the following attention maps.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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Patents are granted by the government to safeguard an invention. It gives the inventor the sole right to develop, utilize and market the idea. Society is benefited when new technologies are brought for sale. The benefits can be in the direct sense, since it can allow people to accomplish previously unattainable things. Or indirectly through the economic opportunities (business growth and employment) that the innovation offers.
Patent protection is demanded out by many university researchers and drug companies for research and development. Patents can be granted to an abstract or physical product or process or technique or composition of materials new to the area. To be granted patent protection an invention has to be innovative, novel and not be obvious to anyone else within the same subject.
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Patents can transform an inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset which opens new opportunities for job creation and business growth by licensing or joint ventures.
Small companies that have patent protection will be more appealing to investors who are involved in the development and commercialization of technology.
Patenting could lead to the development of new ideas and inventions. This information could encourage innovation and may qualify to be protected by patents.
Patents can be used as a deterrent against non-trustworthy third parties who profit from the invention’s success.
Patent-protected technology that is commercially profitable can be used to finance research and development (R&D), which increases the likelihood of better technology in future.
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Start-ups require a well-designed business plan that builds on the IP to prove that your product or service is unique, superior, or innovative. In addition, investors will be impressed if you can prove that your IP rights are secure or are in the process of becoming secure and that they are in line with your business strategy.
It is crucial to keep an invention secret prior to filing for patent protection. Making an invention public before it is filed can typically devalue its novelty and render it unpatentable. Disclosures that are filed prior to filing, like for investors, test-marketing or other business partners, should be done only following the signing of a confidentiality agreement.
There are a variety of patents. Understanding these is vital to safeguard your invention. Utility patents are for inventions and processes that are new. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the best as they protect the proprietor from copycats and other competition. Patents for utility are usually granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Utility patents can also be used to cover improvements and changes in existing inventions. A process patent would cover the acts or methods of performing a particular act. A chemical composition will include a combination of ingredients.
What is the length of time a patent will last? Although utility patents are valid up to 20 years from their initial filing, they are able to be extended by delay at the patent office.
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When drafting a patent application it is recommended to conduct a patent search, as the search can provide some insights into other people’s ideas. This allows you to limit the scope of your idea. You can also find out about the technological advancements in the field you’re inventing. You’ll be able to get a better idea of what your invention ought to be and be more prepared to submit the patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step in obtaining your patent is to do the patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. After the patent application has been filed, the item subject to the patent can be called patent-pending, and you can locate the patent application on public pair. Once the patent office has approved your application, you will be able to conduct a patent number look to find the patent granted. Your product is now patentable. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you can use other search engines like espacenet, which is described below. A patent lawyer or attorney can advise you on the procedure. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office, or the United States patent office and trademark office. This office also reviews trademark applications.
Are you interested in similar patents? These are the steps you should follow:
1. Think of terms that describe your invention according to its function, composition, or use.
Start by writing down a concise, precise description of your invention. Avoid using generic terms such as “device”, “process,” or “system”. Consider synonyms for the terms you initially chose. Next, take note of significant technical terms, as well as keywords.
Use the questions below to help you determine the keywords or concepts.
- What is the goal of the invention Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Invention is a method to come up with something or to perform a function? Or is it a thing or process?
- What is the nature and purpose of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
- What’s the objective of the invention?
- What are the terms in the technical field and keywords that define the nature of an invention? To find the right terms, refer to an online dictionary of technical terms.
2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re not able to find the right classification to describe your invention, go through the Schemas of classes (class schedules). Consider substituting the words you’re using for describing your invention, if you don’t find any results in your Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in step 1.
3. Examine 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition to verify the validity of the CPC classification that you have found. If the selected classification title includes a blue square with a “D” to its left, clicking on the link will lead you to a CPC classification’s description. CPC classification definitions will help determine the relevant classification’s scope which is why you can be certain to pick the most relevant. In addition they can provide research tips and other suggestions that could be useful to further study.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. By focusing on the abstracts and representative drawings you can narrow your search for the most relevant patent publications.
5. Take advantage of this list of most pertinent patent documents to look at each one thoroughly for similarities to your invention. Be sure to read the claims and specification. Contact the applicant as well as the patent examiner for additional patents.
6. Search for patent applications that have been published using the CPC classification you chose in Step 3 of the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. It is possible to use the same method of search as in Step 4. You can narrow your results down to the most relevant patent applications by looking at the abstract and illustrations on every page. Next, carefully examine the published patent applications and pay particular attention to the claims as well as additional drawings.
7. You can look up additional US patent publications using keyword searching in the AppFT and PatFT databases, as well as classification searching of patents not from the United States in the following table. Additionally, you can make use of search engines on the internet to search non-patent patent disclosures in literature about inventions. Examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.