Apple Inc. (Cupertino, CA)

These systems and methods are described. For example, a method might involve connecting a car to a charging station using an interface for charging that includes a primary pair of conductors attached to alternating current terminals of an on-board direct current-to-alternating converter for the vehicle and a third pair of conductors attached to terminals of a battery of the vehicle; and charging the battery of the vehicle via direct current passing through the second set of conductors simultaneously with charging the battery through the alternating current flowing through first pair of conductors to charge the on-board alternating power directly current converter.

Electric vehicles (e.g. electric cars) are charged using the legacy AC power outlets that are part of the current infrastructure. A charger on board (OBC) is integrated into the car to allow for easy charging of the battery. Byhaving the OBC inside the vehicle it allows the charging infrastructure to be more affordable (e.g. there are a variety of chargers available, but not every charger needs electronic power conversion, while some might transmit AC power directly from a power grid to the car). The on-board charger will only offer a limited output of power due to the size and weight of any equipment in the vehicle. This leads to long charging times. Fast DC charging can be found in special charging stations that are available only at certain places.

Disclosed herein are implementations of modular charging systems for vehicles.

A first aspect of this specification describes the systems which can include the subject matter as follows: following manner: a first alternating voltage to direct power converter an interface for charging with first pair of conductors that are connected to the alternating input terminals of an initial alternating voltage to direct present converter; and a processing apparatus configured to: Receive one or more control signals as a vehicle connects the charging interface. charge the battery of the vehicle with direct current passing through a second pair conductors simultaneously with charging the battery using alternating electricity

A second aspect of this specification describes how the subject matter can be integrated into charging methods. This includes connecting a vehicle to the charger to an interface for charging that has two conductors that are connected directly to the terminals on a vehicle’s battery.

A third element of this specification describes vehicles that could comprise: a battery that can supply the power needed to one or more motors and an onboard alternating direct current converter that converts power with direct current terminals attached to battery terminals; a charging interface comprising a first pair of conductors that are connected directly to the alternating terminals as well as a second pair conductors; and a processing device that is configured to transmit one to three control signals to instigate charging of the batteries through direct current flowing through the first and second conductors.

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A patent is granted by the government to safeguard an invention a patent provides the inventor with exclusive rights to use, create to sell, and promote the invention?society benefits when a new technology is brought to the market. These benefits may be realized immediately by people who are able to perform feats previously thought impossible and indirectly by the economic opportunities which innovation can bring (business growth, jobs).

Patent protection is demanded by a variety of universities and pharmaceutical companies to protect their research and development. Patents are granted for the creation of a product, process or method of creating new materials. Patent protection is granted to any invention that is valuable or novel and is not previously known to others in the same area.

Patents reward inventors for their commercially profitable inventions. They act as a motivator for inventors to come up with new ideas. Patents allow inventors and small companies to know that there is a good chance they will receive a return for their time, effort and investment in technological development. It means that they can make a living by their work.

Patents play essential roles in businesses with the ability to:

Protect your innovative products and services.

Improve the visibility and the value of your products on market

Your business and your products should be distinguished from the rest;

Find out about business and technical information.

Avoid accidentally using content from third parties or losing important information, innovative outputs or any other outputs that are creative.

Patents transform inventors’ knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset, which creates new opportunities to create jobs and boost business expansion by licensing or joint ventures.

Investors in the development and commercialization of technology will appreciate small companies with patent protection appealing.

Patenting can lead to innovative ideas and inventions. This information could encourage the development of new ideas and could qualify for patent protection.

Patents can be used to prevent untrustworthy third-party companies from earning from the invention’s efforts.

Patent-protected technology revenue that is commercially profitable can be used to fund technology-related research and development (R&D) which will improve the chances of better technology in future.

Intellectual property ownership is a way to convince lenders and investors that there are legitimate opportunities to commercialize your product. Sometimes, a single patent could open the door to multiple financing opportunities. Patents can be used along with other IP assets as collateral or security to secure financing. Investors can also see your patent assets to increase their company valuation. Forbes and others have pointed out that each patent can increase anything from $500,000 to million dollars to your company’s valuation.

Start-ups need a well-constructed business plan that leverages the IP to prove that your product or service is distinctive superior, innovative, or superior. Additionally, investors will be impressed if you can prove that your IP rights are secured or are in progress of being secure, and that they are in line with your business plan.

It is essential to keep an invention secret until you submit for patent protection. Public disclosure of an invention before it is filed is often detrimental to its originality and make it ineligible for patent protection. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g., for testing marketing investors, investors, or for other business partners) should only be made after signing a confidentiality agreement.

There are many types of patents. Knowing them is essential for protecting your invention. Utility patents protect new methods and inventions made by machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the best as they protect the proprietor from copycats and other competitors. Patents for utility are usually issued to improve or modify existing inventions. Utility patents also cover improvements and changes to existing inventions. A process patent would describe the methods or actions to perform a particular action. However, a chemical composition could be an amalgamation of components.

How long does a patent last? Utility patents are valid for 20 years from the initial filing dates, but their expiration dates can be extended because of delays in the patent office, for example.

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When drafting a patent application it is recommended to conduct an internet search for patents, since the search will give you some insight into other people’s thoughts. This allows you to restrict the potential of your invention. It is also possible to find out about the state of the art within your area of invention. You’ll be able to get a better understanding of what your invention should be and be better prepared for writing the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

Patent searches are the initial step in obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the term for the product included in the patent application. You can search the public pair to locate the patent application. Once the patent office has approved your application, you will be able to do a patent number look to identify the patent granted. Your product now has the potential to be patentable. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines, such as espacenet, which is described below. It is possible to seek help from an attorney for patents. In the US Patents are issued by the US trademark and patent office or the United States patent and trademark office, which also examines trademark applications.

Interested in finding more similar patents? These are the steps to follow:

1. Think of terms to describe your invention based on the intention, composition, and usage.

Write down a brief detailed description of the invention. Do not use generic terms such as “device”, “process,” or “system”. Instead, think about synonyms for the terms you selected initially. Next, note important technical terms as well as keywords.

Use the questions below to help you identify key words or concepts.

  • What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Invention is a method to come up with something or to perform a function? Or is it a thing or process?
  • What is the purpose and composition of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
  • What is the goal of the invention?
  • What are the technical terms and terms that describe the essence of an invention? A technical dictionary can help you locate the right phrases.

2. Utilize these terms to locate pertinent Cooperative Patent Classifications for your invention at the Classification Text Search Tool. To determine the best classification to your invention, go through the classification’s class Schemes (class schedules). If you don’t get any results using the Classification Text Search, you might want to think about substituting the words for describing your invention using synonyms.

3. Examine 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition to verify the validity of the CPC classification that you have located. If the classification you have selected includes a blue square with an “D” at its left, the link will lead you to the CPC classification definition. CPC classification definitions can be used to identify the specific classification’s scope which is why you can be certain to choose the one that is pertinent. They may also provide some search tips or other recommendations which could prove useful in further study.

4. Get patent documents using the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. By focusing on abstracts and drawings that are representative it is possible to narrow your search to the most relevant patent publications.

5. Use this selection of the most relevant patent publications to look at each one thoroughly for similarities to your own invention. Pay close attention to the claims and specifications. Consult the applicant and patent examiner for additional patents.

6. You can find the patent application that has been published and fit the CPC classification you selected in Step 3. It is possible to use the same method of search in Step 4 to narrow your results down to the relevant patent applications by looking at the abstract and illustrations on every page. Next, examine every patent application that has been published with care and pay particular attention to the claims and other drawings.

7. You can find other US patent publications using keyword searching in AppFT or PatFT databases, as well as classification searches to find non-U.S. Patents as described below. Additionally, you can utilize web search engines to search for non-patent-related documents that describe inventions in the literature. Here are some examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.