Apple Inc. (Cupertino, CA)

A transparent layer of high-conductivity that provides electrostatic feedback to the electronic user of the device. The transparent layer of high-conductivity is placed on top of an capacitive sensor. It has a sufficient amount of resistivity that does be in a position to not affect the sensor’s capacitive. As one example, the transparent high-conductivity layer can be formed from a layer of geometrically-separated regions of high-conductivity material. The average distance between geometrically-separated regions can substantially define the resistivity of the transparent high-conductivity layer.

A device that is electronic can contain an input sensor with capacitive capabilities that are placed beneath a surface in order to detect force or touch input to the surface. An input sensor that is capacitive is usually placed below the surface (e.g. sapphire, glass and shortly) which defines an input surface.

In certain circumstances, it may be desirable to position a conductive layer above the capacitive input sensor and below the dielectric protective layer. In many cases, however, the conductive layer interferes with the operation of the capacitive input sensor, and, additionally or in addition, it alters the appearance of the electronic device.

The embodiments described herein generally refer to electronic devices that include an opaque high-resistivity layer to facilitate electronic friction modulation. Particularly the case of the high-resistivity transparent layer, it is located over a capacitive input sensor which, is then, in turn, placed over an LCD. The transparent high resistance layer is connected capacitively to the capacitive sensor in such a way that ground shifting the capacitive sensor increases the transparent layer up to a voltage high enough to permit electrostatic friction.

The transparent high-resistivity layer can be formed in a number of ways including, but not limited to, defining a number of geometrically-separated regions of high-conductivity material spaced sufficiently close to enable charge carrier hoppingbetween regions.

Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.


Get Patents with PatentPC

What is a patent?

Granted by the government to safeguard an invention, patents grant the inventor with the exclusive right to develop, utilize the invention, market and promote the invention? Society is benefited when a brand innovative technology is introduced into the marketplace. The benefits can be in the direct sense, since it allows people to do previously impossible things, or indirectly, through the economic opportunities (business expansion and job creation) which the invention provides.

Many drug companies and researchers at universities seek patent protection for their work and research. Patents are granted to products, processes, or method of making new materials. In order to be granted protection under a patent, an invention must be novel, useful and not apparent to anyone else within the same subject.

Patents recognize and give inventors a reward for commercially profitable inventions. They act as an incentive for inventors to create. Patents allow entrepreneurs and inventors to know that there’s the possibility that they’ll get a profit for their efforts, time and investment in technological development. They can earn a living through their work.

Patents play a vital role in firms and can be used to:

Secure your products and services

Enhance the visibility and worth of your products on market

Stand out and differentiate yourself and your product from the competition.

Access to business and technical knowledge and other information;

Avoid the danger of accidentally using proprietary third-party content, or losing valuable information, innovative outputs, or another creative output.

Patents can transform an inventor’s knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset which opens new opportunities to create jobs and boost expansion of business through joint ventures or licensing.

Investors who are involved in the development and commercialization of technology will appreciate small-scale businesses that have patent protection appealing.

Patenting may lead to the development of new ideas and new inventions. This information can encourage creativity and could be eligible to be protected by patents.

Patents can be used to serve as an obstacle to unscrupulous third parties that profit from an invention’s efforts.

Revenues from patent-protected technology that are commercially successful could be used to finance technological research and development (R&D) that will boost the likelihood of improved technology in the coming years.

Intellectual property ownership can be used to convince lenders and investors that there are genuine chances to market your product. Sometimes, one patent can open the door to a variety of financing possibilities. You can use patents and other IP assets as collateral or security for financing. Investors may also look at the patents you own to increase their company valuation. Forbes and others have noted that every patent could add anything from $500,000 to one million dollars to company valuation.

Startups require a carefully-crafted business plan that builds on the IP to show that your product or service is distinctive and superior or ingenuous. Investors will also be impressed if you have IP rights are secure or are on the way to becoming secure, and that they support your business strategy.

It is crucial to protect an invention before submitting a patent application. Making an invention public prior to filing could often erode its originality and render it patent-infringing. The filing of disclosures prior to filing, for example, for investors, test-marketing or other business partners is best done after signing a confidentiality contract.

There are a variety of patents. Understanding them is crucial for protecting your invention. Utility patents protect new techniques and machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most beneficial since they shield the owner from copycats as well as other competition. Frequently, utility patents are issued for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. Utility patents also cover enhancements and modifications in existing inventions. A process patent will describe the methods or actions of performing a specific act. A chemical composition could be a combination of components.

How long does a patent last? Although utility patents are valid up to 20 years from their initial filing, they are able to be extended by delays in the patent office.

Are you planning to protect your idea? Patents are granted only to first-time applicants You must start filing quickly. Call PatentPC to speak with a patent attorney PatentPC to file your invention now!

Patent searches are a must when you are drafting a patent application. This will enable you to look at different ideas and give you insights into their potential. This will allow you to restrict the scope of your invention. It is also possible to discover the current latest developments in your area of invention. This will allow you to know the extent of your invention and help prepare you to file your patent application.

How to Search for Patents

The first step to get your patent is to do the patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application has been filed, the item covered by the application can be called patent-pending, and you can locate the patent application online on the public pair. After the patent office approves your application, you will be able to conduct an examination of the patent number to find the patent issued. Your product is now patentable. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines such as espacenet as described below. For assistance, consult a patent lawyer. In the US, patents are granted by the US trademark and patent office, or the United States patent and trademark office, which also examines trademark applications.

Are you interested in similar patents? These are the steps to follow:

1. Brainstorm terms to describe your invention according to its function and composition or usage.

Write down a brief detailed description of the invention. Do not use generic terms such as “device”, “process,” or “system”. Instead, think about synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Then, take note of important technical terms and key words.

To help you recognize terms and keywords, you can use the following questions.

  • What is the goal of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is inventing a method to make something or carry out a function? Are you referring to an object?
  • What is the composition of the invention? What is the physical structure of the invention?
  • What is the goal of the invention
  • What are the technical terms and keywords that describe the nature of an invention? To find the correct terms, consult a technical dictionary.

2. Use these terms to find pertinent Cooperative Patent Classifications for your invention at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re not able to locate the appropriate classification for your invention, look through the class Schemas (class schedules) and then try again. You may want to consider substituting the terms you’re using to describe your invention if you fail to find any results in your Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in step 1.

3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you’ve found. If the classification you have selected has a blue box with a “D” on its left, the link will lead you to the CPC description of the classification. CPC classification definitions will help you determine the applicable classification’s scope so that you can choose the one that is most appropriate. These definitions may also include research tips or other suggestions which could prove useful in further study.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. By focusing your search on abstracts and drawings that are representative, you can narrow down your search to the relevant patent documents.

5. Utilize this selection of most relevant patent publications to examine each in detail for the similarities to your idea. Pay close attention to the claims and specifications. Contact the applicant as well as the patent examiner to obtain additional patents.

6. It is possible to find published patent applications that match the CPC classification you chose in Step 3. You can also use the same search strategy that you used in Step 4 to narrow your search results to the most relevant patent applications by looking over the abstracts and representative drawings on each page. After that, take a close look at the published patent applications and pay particular attention to the claims as well as additional drawings.

7. You can find other US patent publications by keyword searching in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also classification search for non-U.S. Patents per below. Also, you can utilize web search engines to search for non-patent-related literature disclosures about inventions. For instance:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.