Alipay (Hangzhou) Information Technology Co., Ltd. (Zhejiang, CN)
What is a Patent for Training methods for graph neural networks and systems for training Graph neural networks and
The increasing amount of processed data has resulted in an increase in the size of graphs. For example social networks could have more than one billion users, and more than 100 billion relationships.If the users and the relationships are abstracted into graphs, the scale of the graph can be more than one billion nodes. The increasing graph scale causes difficulties in graph neural network training.
Graph neural network training methods are, therefore, beneficial.
One of the features of the current specification is that it provides graph neural network methods of training. The methods include the following The complete graph is created and the graph is split into several subgraphs according to apredetermined condition. A choice is made among the many subgraphs to create a training graph. The training graph then contains a node feature vector for each node of the graph. To obtain a nodefusion vector, which is the current node in a training graph that incorporates edge and neighboring features, propagation and aggregation are based on the node feature of each node and edges betweennodes. To build graph neural networks using a loss function, it is calculated using the label for the node and the fusion vectors from the training graph. A graph neural network is iteratively trained using the loss function.
In some embodiments, that the complete graph is divided into a plurality of subgraphs according to a predetermined condition includes the following: The complete graph is divided into the plurality of subgraphs according to the predeterminedcondition by using a community discovery algorithm.
In some embodiments the predetermined condition may include the following: A certain number of neighboring nodes of a subgraph and a quantity of edges included in the subgraph satisfy one of the conditions and the number of nodes that are included in the subgraphis less than or equal to a specified threshold value.
In certain embodiments, the at least one subgraph that will be a part of graph neural network training is selected from the variety of subgraphs. This includes: An updated subgraph for every one of the plurality of subgraphs is determined based on the subgraph and T-th-degree neighbors of the subgraph. at least one subgraph which is to be a participant in training for graph neural networks is selected from a plurality of subgraphs that have been updated.
One embodiment of a training graph created using the most subgraphs to be utilized in graph neural net training is the following: A union set of at least onesubgraph is utilized to generate the training graph.
A graph neural network training system is an additional element of the present specification. The systems include one of the following components: a first determining modulethat is configured to obtain a complete graph, and divide the graph into a plurality ofsubgraphs following a predetermined rule and a second determining module, configured to select at least one subgraph that is to be a part of graph neural network learning from the many subgraphs and create a training graph that is based on at least one subgraph that is to participate in graph neural network training and then obtain from the training graph, a node feature vector of each node in the graph of training; and A fusion module, which is designed to perform the propagation and aggregation process based on thenode feature vector of every node of the training graph , and on edges between nodes, to obtain a node fusion vector that is of each present node in the training graph and contains neighboring node features as well as edge features as well as a training module, configured to obtain a loss function that is based on a label for a node as well as the node fusion feature vector on the training graph and then repeatedly train the graph neural network using the loss function to construct the graph neural network.
Another element of the specifications is the training of graph neural networks equipment. It includes processors. It is built to run the graph neural network training methods mentioned above.
Another element of the specifications is the computer-readable storage media. Computer-related instructions are stored on the storage media. The storage media stores computer instructions. After that, a computer can perform the graph neuralnetwork training methods as explained above.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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