UNIVERSITY OF UTAH RESEARCH FOUNDATION (Salt Lake City, UT)
Computers and computing have affected almost every aspect of our lives. Computers play a role in many aspects of modern-day life such as work, recreation and healthcare, transport, entertainment, household management, and so on. Computer systems play an increasingly important function in processing sensor data as well as collecting environmental data. The issue of air pollution is a huge issue throughout the world. Numerous towns and cities have developed networks of pollution sensors to gather data on the levels of pollution within and around their communities.
Low-cost sensor network solutions are a common solution for monitoring complex, heterogeneous environmental events over long durations of time. But, because of their low cost calibration of individual sensors is time-consuming and vulnerable to error. Accordingly, there is aneed to develop new technologies to improve the usage and reliability of sensors.
The subject matter in this document is not restricted to embodiments that eliminate problems or operate in the same environments as those mentioned above. Rather, this background is provided only to illustrate one exemplary technologyarea where some embodiments described herein could be implemented.
Computer systems and methods that permit recursive calibration a sensor network are presented. The computer system may receive a first data communication for instance, from a sensor node that is situated near a calibrated sensornode. The computer system adjusts a set of linear regressions between the initial sensor node and a set of neighboring sensor nodes, which include the calibrated sensor neighboring node. Computer systems calibrate a sensor node using the average of the set linear regressions weighted with a correlation. The computer system calibrates the initial sensor by using the sensor that has been calibrated for calibration of the uncalibrated neighboring sensor node. The computer then collects a calibrated sensor reading at the first sensor node.
The Summary outlines the basic concepts in a simplified form. The concepts are described in greater detail in the detailed description. The Summary is not able to define the most important features or essential features in the claimed subjectmatter. It is also not meant to be used in determining the nature of the subject matter claimed.
The next description will provide additional features and benefits. Partly, these will be evident in the explanation. You can also master them by following the teachings. The advantages and features of the invention are possible to realize and realized through the instruments and combinations particularly described in the appended claims. The following description and the attached claims will help make the characteristics of the present invention more obvious. Also, you could master them by practicing the invention in the manner described herein.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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What is a patent?
Patents are issued by the government to protect an invention. The patent grants the inventor the exclusive right to develop, utilize and market the invention. Society benefits when new technologies are brought to the market. Benefits can be realized in direct terms, as it can allow individuals to achieve previously unattainable things, or indirectly, due to the opportunities for economic growth (business growth and employment) that innovation provides.
Patent protection is demanded by many university researchers and drug companies to aid in their research and development. Patents can be granted to the creation of a product, process or method of making new materials. To be granted patent protection, an invention must be innovative, novel and not be obvious to anyone else within the same field.
Patents recognize and reward inventors for their commercially successful inventions. They act as an incentive for inventors to create. Patents permit small and emerging businesses and inventors to know that there’s the possibility that they’ll get a profit for their time, effort, and money invested in the development of technology. It means that they can earn money from their work.
Patents play essential roles in businesses with the ability to:
Protect your innovative products and services
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Your business and your products should be distinguished from others;
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Beware of the danger of accidentally using proprietary third-party content, or losing your valuable information, innovative outputs, or other creative output.
Patents convert knowledge of the inventor into an asset that can be sold, which opens up new opportunities to create jobs through licensing and joint ventures.
Investors involved in the commercialization and development of technology will find small companies with patent protection appealing.
Patenting can generate new ideas and new inventions. These information may be eligible for patent protection.
Patents can be used to prevent untrustworthy third parties from profiting from the invention’s efforts.
Revenues from patent-protected technology that are commercially successful can be used to finance the development of technology through research and development (R&D), which will increase the chance of better technology in the coming years.
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It is crucial to keep an invention secret prior to filing a patent application. The public disclosure of an invention before it is filed could often erode its originality and render it patent-infringing. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g. for testing-marketing, investors, or other business partners) should only be filed upon signing a confidentiality contract.
There are many kinds of patents and knowing them is essential to protecting your invention. Utility patents cover the development of new methods and machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Patents for utility are the most effective since they shield the proprietor from copycats and other competitors. Most often the utility patents are issued for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. Utility patents also cover enhancements and modifications to existing inventions. For example, a process patent will cover acts or methods of doing a specific act, whereas a chemical composition will include the combination of ingredients.
What is the length average of a patent? Patents for utility last for 20 years after the earliest filing date, however, their expirations can be extended because of delays in the patent office for instance.
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When you’re writing your patent application, you should do a patent search, as the search will give you an insight into the other applicants’ concepts. It will help you reduce the nature of your invention. Also, you can learn about the latest developments in the field you’re inventing. You’ll get a better understanding of what your idea should be and will be better prepared to write the patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step to obtain your patent is to perform an internet search for patents. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is filed, the item covered by the application can be described as patent-pending. you can locate the patent application on public pair. When the patent office is satisfied with your application, you’ll be able to do a patent number look to locate the issued patent. The product you are selling will be patentable. It is also possible to use the USPTO search engine. See below for details. Patent lawyers or a patent attorney can advise you on the process. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office, also known as the United States patent office and trademark office. The office also evaluates trademark applications.
Are you interested in finding similar patents? These are the steps:
1. Think of terms to describe your invention, based on its intended purpose, composition and usage.
Write down a concise and precise description of your invention. Avoid using generic terms like “device,” “process,” and “system.” Instead, think about synonyms for the terms you initially chose. Next, note important technical terms and keywords.
To help you identify the key words and concepts, try the following questions.
- What is the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is the invention a way of making something or performing some function? Are you referring to an item?
- What is the composition and function of the invention? What is the physical makeup of the invention?
- What’s the objective of this invention?
- What are the technical terms and terms that describe an invention’s nature? A technical dictionary can help you find the appropriate phrases.
2. These terms will allow you to find pertinent Cooperative Patent Classifications at Classification Search Tool. To determine the most suitable classification to your invention, look through the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). You may want to consider substituting the terms you use to describe your invention if you do not receive any results from your Classification Text Search with synonyms such as the terms you used in the first step.
3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you have found. The hyperlink to a CPC classification definition will be available when the classification you have selected is a blue square with a “D” on the left. CPC classification definitions will assist you in determining the classification’s scope , so you can select the one that is most appropriate. These definitions may also include search tips or other suggestions that can be useful for further study.
4. Find patent documents that have the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. By focusing on abstracts and illustrations, you can narrow down your search for the relevant patent documents.
5. Use this selection of the most relevant patent publications to study each in detail for similarities to your idea. Be sure to read the claims and specifications. Refer to the applicant and patent examiner to obtain additional patents.
6. You can find the patent application that has been published and match the CPC classification you selected in Step 3. It is possible to use the same strategy of searching as Step 4, narrowing your search results down to the most relevant patent application through the abstract and illustrations on every page. Then, you must carefully review the patent applications published and pay particular attention to the claims as well as additional drawings.
7. You can find other US patent publications using keyword searches in AppFT or PatFT databases, as well as classification search for non-U.S. Patents as described below. Also, you can make use of search engines on the internet to search for non-patent-related documents that describe inventions in the literature. Here are some examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.