Apple Inc. (N/A)

This document describes a method to convert applications from placeholder apps to free up space on a user device. Based on a variety of heuristics and algorithms, a variety of installed applications are identified as potential candidates for a downgrade. Each of the identified apps will be downgraded by creating an application placeholder. The placeholder application is installed and the applications that are identified are temporarily removed. However, the user data associated to the applications are not deleted.

Generally, users tend to load their devices with large quantities of data (e.g. music, pictures, movie and so on.). Users tend to load large quantities of data onto their devices. This can result in an insufficient storage capacity that allows for additional data to be loaded or for the execution of processes that require additional storage space (e.g. software updates). As a result, critical updates cannot be performed on the user device, which can degrade the performance of the user device and the user’s overall satisfaction with the process.Consequently, there is a need for a system that is capable of freeing up storage space in a manner that is transparent to the user while promoting the best user experience possible.

Representative embodiments set forth in this document provide various methods for converting applications from placeholder applications to clear space on the user device. When sufficient storage space is not available for a particularprocess (e.g. or a software update) to be executed on the user device 1.) a number of applications that are able to be downgraded are identified and 2) the identified apps are temporarily removed and downgraded. The downgrading of the identifiedapplications involves creating a placeholder application for each of the identified applications. The placeholder application includes files that are identical to the application that was identified. It occupies less space on the user’s device than the complete application. Certain configurations allow identification programs to be removed temporarily. However the information associated with the users of to the application is not lost as the placeholder applications are installed. The placeholder applications take up less storage space than the applications identified in order to allow enough space to be available for the particular procedure.

This Summary is intended to provide an overview of a few examples of embodiments and provide an understanding of various aspects of this subject matter. Accordingly, it will be appreciated that the above-describedfeatures are merely examples and should not be construed to narrow the scope or spirit of the subject matter described herein in any way. The detailed description of figures, claims, and other details will allow you to understand additional advantages, features and advantages of the subject matter.

Other aspects and advantages of the embodiments described herein will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings that illustrate, by way of example, the principles of the describedembodiments.

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What is a patent?

A patent is issued by the government in order to protect the invention. The patent grants the inventor the exclusive right to create, use and market the invention. Society benefits when new technology is introduced for sale. The benefits can be in directly, in that it allows people to do previously impossible things, or indirectly due to the opportunities for economic growth (business expansion and job creation) that innovation provides.

A lot of pharmaceutical companies and university researchers seek patent protection to protect their research and development. Patents can be granted to an abstract or physical product or process, or an approach or composition of materials unique to the field. Patent protection must be granted to any invention that is valuable, novel, and not yet known by other people in the same area.

Patents reward inventors who have commercially viable inventions. They provide a reason for inventors to create. Patents permit inventors and small businesses to know that there is an excellent chance that they will be paid back on their time, effort and money spent on technology development. This means they will be able to make a living by their work.

Businesses that have the capacity to:

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Avoid using content from third parties or losing valuable data, creative outputs or any other outputs that are creative.

Patents effectively transform the inventor’s information into a tradeable asset which opens new opportunities to create jobs and boost expansion of businesses through joint ventures or licensing.

Investors in the development and commercialization of technology may find small companies with patent protection to be more attractive.

Patenting can lead to the development of new ideas and new inventions. This information can encourage innovation and may qualify for patent protection.

Patents can be used to prevent untrustworthy third parties from profiting from the invention’s efforts.

Patent-protected technology that is commercially profitable may be used to fund technology research and development (R&D) which can increase the chance of better technology in future.

It is possible to use the intellectual property rights of your company to convince investors and lenders that your product has commercial potential. One powerful patent may provide many financing opportunities. Patents and other IP assets are able to be utilized as collateral or security for financing debt. You may also present investors with your patent assets to boost the value of your company. Forbes and other publications have reported that each patent can add anything from $500,000 to one million dollars to company valuation.

Start-ups need a solid business plan that leverages the IP to demonstrate that your product/service is distinct and superior or ingenuous. Investors will also be impressed if you can demonstrate that your IP rights are secured or are in the process of becoming secure and that they are in line with your business plan.

It is vital to protect an invention prior to filing for patent protection. The public disclosure of an invention prior to filing can often destroy its novelty and render it unpatentable. Disclosures that are filed prior to filing, like for investors, test-marketing or other business partners, is best done after signing a confidentiality contract.

There are many kinds of patents. Knowing them is essential for protecting your invention. Utility patents cover new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are best to protect the proprietor from copies and competitors. In most cases, utility patents are issued for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. Patents issued under utility can be used to enhance or modify existing inventions. A process patent will cover the acts or methods of performing a specific act. A chemical composition will include an amalgamation of ingredients.

What is the typical length of a patent? Patents for utility last 20 years from the earliest date of filing, however their expirations may be extended because of patent office delays, for example.

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A patent search is a must when you are drafting an application for patent. This will allow you to discover other ideas and give you insights into the potential of them. This will allow you to limit the scope of your invention. Additionally, you’ll be able to be aware of the current state of technological advancements in your field of invention. This will assist you in know the extent of your invention and help prepare you to file the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

The first step to get your patent is to do an internet search for patents. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the term for the product that has been included in the patent application. It is possible to search for the public pair in order to locate the patent application. When the patent office has endorsed the application, you can conduct a patent number search to find the published patent and your product will now be patented. You can also utilize the USPTO search engine. Read on for details. You can get help from an attorney for patents or a patent attorney. In the US patents are granted through the US patent and trademark office or the United States patent and trademark office, which is also responsible for examining trademark applications.

Are you interested in finding other similar patents? Here are the steps you should follow:

1. Brainstorm terms to describe your invention, based on its purpose, composition, or use.

Start by writing down a brief detailed description of your invention. Avoid using generic terms such as “device”, “process” or “system”. Look for synonyms to the terms you picked initially. Also, keep track of significant technical terms, as well as key words.

To help you recognize keywords and concepts, use the questions below.

  • What is the purpose of the invention Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
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  • What is the composition of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
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  • What are the technical words and terms that define the essence of an invention? A technical dictionary will help you find the appropriate terms.

2. Use these terms to search for relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Text Search Tool. If you are unable to determine the correct classification to describe your invention, go through the Schemas of classes (class schedules). If you don’t get any results from the Classification Text Search, you might consider substituting your words that describe your invention with synonyms.

3. Check the CPC Classification Definition to confirm the validity of the CPC classification you have found. If the chosen classification has a blue box with an “D” at its left, clicking on the hyperlink will take you to a CPC classification’s description. CPC classification definitions can help you determine the applicable classification’s boundaries so that you can select the one that is most appropriate. These definitions may also include research tips or other suggestions that can be useful for further investigation.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to retrieve patent documents that include the CPC classification. By focusing on the abstracts and drawings that are representative it will narrow your search for the relevant patent documents.

5. This selection of patent publication is the best to check for similarities with your invention. Pay attention to the claims and specifications. It is possible to find additional patents by consulting the patent examiner and the applicant.

6. Find patent applications published in the public domain using the CPC classification you picked in Step 3 from the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. It is also possible to use the same method of search that you employed in step 4 to limit your search results to the most relevant patent applications by looking over the abstracts and representative drawings on each page. The next step is to review every patent application that has been published with care and pay particular attention to the claims as well as other drawings.

7. You can look up additional US patent publications using keyword searching in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also classification searching of patents that are not issued by the United States per below. Also, you can make use of search engines on the internet to find non-patent literature disclosures about inventions. Here are a few examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
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To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.