FACEBOOK, INC. (Menlo Park, CA)
Antennas found on aircrafts are utilized for wireless communication with ground or aerial vehicles and stationary structures. Antennas emit or radiate signals that facilitate the connectivity and communications. An antenna pattern describes the signals that are radiated. complex antenna patterns are produced by scattering and reflection from airplane antennas and mounted components. An antenna pattern is the ratio of power density (measured indB) of the signal transmitted by an antenna in a specific direction. The patterns of antennas on aircraft are rarely uniform or spherical. They are usually complex, with nulls and peaks that differ. Characterizing antenna patterns using an antenna measurement device could be helpful in increasing the size and strength of wireless connectivity. An antenna measurement system typically comprises probes and transceivers, which include an IMU altimeter, GPS/GLASS, and an inertial measuring device (IMU).
In specific embodiments an antenna measurement system can determine and analyze an unidentified antenna pattern produced by an antenna attached to an aircraft. The combination of the antenna and the aircraft could be referred to as a device in test (DUT). The antenna measurement system can be installed on an automobile. It could be an airborne vehicle (e.g. N-copter) or a ground-based vehicle, or station installation (e.g. base station). An antenna measurement device could comprise several antennas that are mounted on the vehicle at different places. It could also comprise one or more gimbals to control the antenna, and perhaps two or three pieces of foam that absorbs any unwanted signals. The antennas could be orthogonal probes with ability to measure phase, which could permit the antenna measurement system to characterize linear, circular, and elliptically-polarized antenna patterns. An antenna measurement system may also include elements for orientation and location measurement, like IMUunits and GPS, along with an altimeter. The antenna measurement system may travel around the DUT while the DUT produces an unknown pattern of the antenna. An antenna measurement system can detect and record the signals generated by the DUT. The antenna measurement device may also use the location data from the measurement components to combine the DUT data along with the orientation information to provide an accurate description of the antenna pattern. This can be achieved through the implementation of the following procedure to determine the received power at a receiving antenna attached to an antenna measurement system using an transmitting antenna that is mounted to a device in test (DUT) in motion relative to the measurement device for antennas; determine one or more first orientation parameters for the antenna measurement system, determine one or more second orientation parameters of the DUT; and determine an antenna pattern for the transmitting antenna using the received power as well as the initial orientation parameters as well as the second orientation parameters. In particular embodiments, this process may be implemented with an antenna for receiving that is mounted on the DUT as well as a transmitting antennamounted on the DUT.
These embodiments are examples only. The scope of the disclosure is not constrained by them. A particular embodiment could include all or a portion of the components, elements and features, as well as operations as well as steps and functions mentioned above. Embodiments according to the invention are specifically defined in the attached claims that relate to a method, a storage device, a system, or a computer program product wherein any feature mentioned in one claim category,e.g. method, is also claimed in another claim category, e.g. system. The claims are not based on references or dependencies. They’re only selected because of formal reasons. But any subject matter that arises from a deliberate reference to previous claims (in particular, multiple dependencies) can be claimed too, so that every combination of claims as well as their features are revealed and are able to be claimed regardless of the dependencies that are selected in the attached claims. Subject matter can comprise not just combinations of features described in the attached claims, but also any combination of features contained within the claims. Each feature in the claims could be combined with another feature or a combination of features. Furthermore each of the examples and features that are described or illustrated herein may be claimed in a distinct claim, or in combination with any embodiment or feature described or depicted herein or any of the features of the claims attached.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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Patents are granted by the government in order to protect the invention. The patent grants the inventor the right to develop, utilize and sell the invention. Society benefits when new technologies are brought to the market. These benefits may be realized immediately by people who are able to accomplish feats previously unattainable, or indirectly through the economic benefits that innovation offers (business growth, jobs).
Patent protection is sought by many university researchers and drug companies for research and development. Patents may cover an abstract or physical product or process, or a technique or composition of materials that are new to the area. In order to be granted protection under a patent an invention has to be novel, useful and not be obvious to others within the same area.
Patents reward inventors for their commercially profitable inventions. They are an incentive to inventors to create. Patents allow inventors and small companies to know that there is a good chance they will be paid back for their efforts, time and money spent on technology development. This means they will be able to earn money from their work.
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Patents can transform an inventor’s knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset, which creates new opportunities for job creation and business growth through licensing or joint ventures.
Small companies that have patent protection are more appealing to investors in the commercialization of technology.
Patenting may lead to new ideas and new inventions. This information can promote creativity and could be eligible for protection under patents.
Patents can be used to stop untrustworthy third-party companies from earning from the invention’s efforts.
Revenues from patent-protected technology that are commercially successful could be used to fund the development of technology through research and development (R&D) and improve the chances of developing better technology in the coming years.
You can leverage intellectual property ownership to convince investors and lenders that your product has real commercial value. One patent that is powerful could provide numerous financing options. Patents can be used along with other IP assets as collateral or security to secure financing. Investors are also able to view your patent assets to increase the value of your company. Forbes and other sources have pointed out that each patent could increase anywhere from $500,000 to 1 million dollars to your company’s valuation.
A well-crafted business plan is essential for start-ups. It should be founded on IP and show the way your product or service stands out. Investors will also be impressed if you have IP rights are secure or are in the process of becoming secure, and that they are in line with your business plan.
It is vital to keep an invention secret before submitting a patent application. A public divulging an invention could often damage its novelty and render it invalid. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g. for testing-marketing investors, test-marketing, or for other business partners) should only be filed following the signing of a confidentiality agreement.
There are many types of patents. Understanding them is crucial to protect your invention. Patents for utility cover processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the best because they shield the owner from copycats and competition. Patents for utility are usually granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Patents issued under utility can be used to enhance or modify existing inventions. A process patent would be a way to describe the actions or methods of performing a particular act. However, a chemical composition could be an amalgamation of components.
How long does a patent last? Utility patents last 20 years from the earliest filing date, but their expiration dates may be extended because of delays in the patent office for instance.
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When you are writing your patent application, you should do a patent search. the search can provide an insight into the other applicants’ concepts. It will help you narrow down the scope of your invention. It is also possible to find out about the current latest developments in your area of invention. You’ll be able to get a better idea of what your idea should be, and you’ll be more prepared to submit the patent application.
How to Search for Patents
Patent searches are the very first step in obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is submitted, the product that is that is covered by the patent application could be called patent-pending, and you will be able to locate the patent application on a public pair. After the patent office approves your application, you’ll be able do an examination of the patent number to find the patent that was issued. Your product will then be patented. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you can use other search engines like espacenet as described below. For assistance, consult a patent lawyer. In the US Patents are granted by the US trademark and patent office or by the United States patent and trademark office, which is also responsible for examining trademark applications.
Interested in finding more similar patents? These are the steps you should follow:
1. Brainstorm terms to describe your invention according to its function and composition or use.
Write down a short, but precise description of the invention. Avoid using generic terms like “device,” “process,” and “system.” Consider synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Next, note important technical terms as well as keywords.
Use the following questions to help you determine key words or concepts.
- What’s the purpose of this invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is inventing a method to make something or carry out a function? Are you referring to an item?
- What is the purpose and composition of the invention? What is the physical makeup of the invention?
- What is the goal of the invention?
- What are technical terms and keywords that describe the essence of an invention? To assist you in finding the right terms, refer to a technical dictionary.
2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re not able to locate the correct classification for your invention, scan through the class Schemas (class schedules) and then try again. You may want to consider substituting the terms you use for describing your invention, if you fail to find any results in your Classification Text Search with synonyms such as the terms you used in Step 1.
3. Examine 3. Check the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you have found. If the selected classification title is a blue box that has the letter “D” on its left, clicking on the link will direct you to the CPC classification definition. CPC classification definitions will aid you in determining the classification’s scope so that you can select the one that is most appropriate. These definitions may also include search tips or other suggestions that could be helpful for further investigation.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. By focusing on the abstracts and drawings that are representative it is possible to narrow your search for the most relevant patent publications.
5. Utilize this list of most relevant patent publications to study each one thoroughly for connections to your invention. Pay close attention to the specification and claims. There are many patents available by consulting the patent examiner as well as the applicant.
6. Retrieve published patent applications with the CPC classification you selected in Step 3 in the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. It is possible to use the same strategy of searching as Step 4, narrowing your search results to the most pertinent patent application by looking at the abstract and illustrations on every page. After that, you must review the patent applications that have been published carefully, paying special attention to the claims as well as other drawings.
7. Locate additional US patent publications by keywords in the PatFT or AppFT databases, searching for classification of non-U.S. patents as per below, and searching for non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using internet search engines. Examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.