SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. (Suwon-si, KR) THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (Irvine, CA)
The present disclosure relates to an electromagnetic wave radiator, and more particularly, to an electromagnetic wave radiator radiating a circularly-polarized millimeter-wave/terahertz (THz)-wave.
2. Description of Related Art
Millimeter waves are electromagnetic wave that has a wavelength of 1-10 millimeters. Its frequency ranges between 30 and 300 GHz. The millimeter-wave is used in a variety of fields, including the military and automobile radars,satellite communications, and radio navigation. It is anticipated to be used for large-capacity voice, image, and data transmission in the next generation 5G ultra-wideband wireless communication network. A terahertz (THz)-wave is an electromagnetic wave with an average frequency of 0.3 to 3 THz. It is used for security and medical purposes. It is anticipated to be used extensively in the future.
There are a variety of devices being developed to effectively transmit and receive millimeter-waves as well as THz-waves. For example, a millimeter-wave/THz-wave microstrip patch antenna has a large area and a low quality factor (Q-factor).In order to improve this issue, devices such as a multi-port driven antenna, a slot-ring traveling-wave radiator, and a multi-port driven antenna having a radiator core are proposed for the millimeter-wave/THz-wave. However, these antennas don’t have enough Q-factors to provide high-quality.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
Get Patents with PatentPC
What is a patent?
A patent is granted by the government in order to protect an invention. It grants the inventor the exclusive right to develop, utilize and market the invention. Society gains when new technologies are brought for sale. The benefits can be realized directly as people are able to accomplish feats previously unattainable, or indirectly through the opportunities for economic growth that innovation offers (business expansion, jobs).
Patent protection is sought out by many universities and pharmaceutical companies to aid in their research and development. Patents can be granted to the physical or abstract nature of a product or process, or even the method or composition of materials new to the area. To be granted patent protection, an invention must be useful, new and not apparent to anyone else within the same area.
Patents give inventors a reward for commercially successful inventions. They are an incentive to inventors to come up with new ideas. Patents permit inventors and small businesses to know that there’s a good chance they will get a profit on their time, effort, and money invested in technology development. They could earn a living from their work.
Businesses that have the capacity to:
Secure the latest products and services;
Increase the visibility and value of your products ‘ presence on the market
Make your brand stand out from the competition.
Get technical and business information.
Avoid the danger of accidentally using third-party proprietary content, or losing your valuable data, original outputs, or another creative output.
Patents transform inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset, which creates new opportunities for job creation through joint ventures and licensing.
Small-scale businesses with patent protection will be more attractive to investors involved in the development and commercialization of technology.
Patenting may lead to innovative ideas and inventions. The information you create may be protected by patents.
Patents are a way to stop untrustworthy third parties from making money from the invention’s efforts.
Patent-protected technology that is commercially profitable could be used to finance technology research and development (R&D) which will increase the likelihood of better technology in future.
It is possible to use the intellectual property rights of your company to convince investors and lenders that your product has commercial value. One powerful patent may provide multiple financing opportunities. Patents and other IP assets can be used as collateral or as security to finance debt. You can also show investors your patent assets to increase the value of your company. Forbes and others have stated that each patent could increase the value of your company by as much as $500,000 to $1 Million.
Start-ups need a well-constructed business plan that leverages the IP to prove that your product/service is unique or superior to others. Investors will also be impressed if your IP rights are secured or are in the process of becoming secure, and if they support your business plan.
It is crucial to keep your invention secret until you apply for patent protection. Public disclosure of an invention, before it is filed is often detrimental to the novelty of the invention and make it invalid. Thus, prior filing disclosures (e.g. for test-marketing, investors, or other business partners) must only be done following the signing of a confidentiality agreement.
There are numerous types of patents. Understanding the different types of patents is vital to safeguard your invention. Utility patents cover new methods and inventions made by machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Patents for utility are the most effective since they protect the proprietor from copycats and other competition. Utility patents are often granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Utility patents can also be used to cover improvements and modifications in existing inventions. A process patent could describe the methods or actions of performing a particular act. However, a chemical composition could be a combination of ingredients.
How long does a patent last? Patents for utility last for 20 years from the earliest filing date, but their expirations may be extended due to patent office delays such as.
Are you thinking of patenting your ideas? Patents are granted only to applicants who file first, so you must file quickly. Contact PatentPC now to have your patent application approved!
When you’re writing a patent application, you should do an internet search for patents, since it will provide you with some insight into other people’s ideas. You’ll be able to reduce the scope of your idea. Furthermore, you’ll discover the latest technological advancements in your field of invention. This will help you to comprehend the scope of your invention and prepare for the filing of your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step to get your patent is to conduct an internet search for patents. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the term for the product that has been covered by the patent application. You can search for the public pair to locate the patent application. Once the patent office has approved your application, you will be able to conduct search for a patent number and locate the patent issued. Your product will now be patentable. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines such as espacenet as described below. You can get help from an attorney for patents. In the US patents are granted by the US trademark and patent office or by the United States patent and trademark office, which is also responsible for examining trademark applications.
Are you looking for similar patents? These are the steps to follow:
1. Create a list of terms that describe your invention based upon the purpose, composition and use.
Write down a short detailed explanation of your invention. Do not use generic terms such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Instead, look for synonyms to the terms you chose initially. Next, note important technical terms as well as keywords.
To help you recognize terms and keywords, you can use the questions below.
- What’s the goal of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is invention a way to create something or perform a function? Are you referring to an object?
- What is the composition of the invention? What is the physical constitution?
- What’s the objective of this invention?
- What are the terms and phrases in the field of technology that describe the nature of an invention? To find the appropriate terms, use an online dictionary of technical terms.
2. Use these terms to search for relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. To determine the best classification for your invention, go through the classification’s class Schemes (class schedules). If you do not get results using the Classification Text Search, you may want to consider replacing the words for describing your invention with synonyms.
3. Check 3. Check the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you found. If the classification you have selected includes a blue square with the letter “D” at its left, clicking on the link will lead you to a CPC classification description. CPC classification definitions will assist you in determining the classification’s scope of application so that you can choose the most appropriate. These definitions may also include some search tips or other recommendations that could be helpful for further study.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to retrieve patent documents that include the CPC classification. You can search and find the most relevant patent documents by looking first at abstract and drawings representative of.
5. This list of patent publications is the best to examine for connections with your invention. Pay attention to the claims and specifications. There are many patents available through contacting the patent examiner and applicant.
6. Find patent applications published in the public domain using the CPC classification you selected in Step 3 of the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can also use the same search strategy that you utilized in step 4 to limit your results to the most relevant patent applications by reviewing the abstracts as well as the drawings for each page. Next, examine every patent application that has been published with care, paying special attention to the claims, and other drawings.
7. Find additional US patent publications using keywords in the PatFT or AppFT databases, classification searching of non-U.S. patents as per below, and searching non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using web search engines. For example:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.