Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Dhahran, SA)

This specification could be implemented in a system with an emulator that is three-dimensional. An image processing module acquires the image of a rock sample with a porous network that are transformed by a transformation module. the image into a binary matrix to determine a set of statistical moments for the binary matrix. A layer generation module generates a first representation of the first stochastic layer based on the set and emulatives of the rock sample and creates another representation of an additional stochastic layer, that is based upon the set and emulative of the rock sample. The arrangement module organizes both representations as adjacent layers within a 3-dimensional model that is emulative the rock sample. It then sends the first and second representations to the 3D fabricator for the creation of an actual three-dimensional micromodel of fluids.

Pore-scale process is used to determine multiphase flow of liquids with miscibility within porous media. For a larger scale assessment of the behavior of fluids in porous media, pore-level measurements are a viable option. These observations are used to confirm porous network models as directly numerical simulations of fluid flow.

To create micromodels, the etching of glass or silicon wafers using photolithographic techniques is often employed. These methods produce a two-dimensional pore network which is evenly etched to a uniform size. There is little or any connectivity in the third dimension. Micromodels currently do not be able to capture the interconnectedness of reservoir rocks because such rocks have connectivity in three dimensions.

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A patent is granted by the government to protect an invention patents give the inventor exclusive rights to use, create the invention, market and promote the invention? Society benefits when a new technology is introduced into the marketplace. The benefits can be in the direct sense, since it may allow people to do previously impossible things, or indirectly, by the economic benefits (business expansion and employment) which the invention provides.

Many pharmaceutical companies and university researchers seek patent protection for their research and development. Patents can be granted to a physical or abstract product or process , or an approach or composition of material that are new to the field. In order to be granted protection under a patent an invention has to be useful, new and not be obvious to anyone else within the same subject.

Patents give inventors a chance to be recognized for commercially successful inventions. They act as a motivator for inventors to invent. Small companies and inventors can rest sure that they will earn the most return from the investment they make in technology development through patents. They can earn a living by their work.

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Patents transform inventor’s knowledge into an asset that can be sold, which opens up new opportunities to create jobs through licensing and joint ventures.

Investors who are involved in the development and commercialization of technology may find small-scale businesses that have patent protection to be more attractive.

Patents can result in innovative ideas and inventions. These information may be eligible for patent protection.

Patents can be used to serve as a deterrent to untrustworthy third parties that profit from the efforts of an invention.

Patent-protected technology revenue that is commercially profitable can be used for financing technological research and development (R&D) that can increase the chance for better technology in the future.

You can use the intellectual property rights of your company to convince lenders and investors that your product has commercial value. One powerful patent may lead to many financing opportunities. Patents can be used in conjunction with other IP assets as collateral or security for financing. Investors can also see your patent assets to increase company valuation. Forbes and others have pointed out that each patent could increase the value of a company by anything from $500,000 to $1 Million.

Startups require a carefully-crafted business plan that is built on the IP to show that your product or service is distinctive innovative, superior, or superior. Additionally, investors will be impressed if you can show that your IP rights are secure or are in progress of being secure, and that they support your business strategy.

It is crucial to keep an invention secret prior to filing for patent protection. It is crucial to keep the invention private before making a patent application. A public disclosure could ruin the novelty of an invention, making it inepatentable. Therefore, prior filing disclosures (e.g. for testing-marketing investors, test-marketing, or any other business partners) must only be done after signing a confidentiality agreement.

There are numerous types of patents. Understanding them is crucial for protecting your invention. Utility patents are for the development of new methods and machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most effective and protect the owner against copycats and other competitors. Utility patents are often granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Utility patents also cover enhancements and modifications in existing inventions. A process patent could describe the methods or actions of performing a specific act. A chemical composition could be an amalgamation of ingredients.

How long will a patent last? Patents for utility last for 20 years from the initial filing date, but their expirations may be extended due to patent office delays, for example.

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When drafting a patent application when you are writing a patent application, it is recommended that you conduct an internet search for patents, since it will provide you with some insights into other people’s thoughts. This can help you limit the potential of your invention. You can also learn about the latest developments in the field you’re inventing. This will assist you in know the extent of your invention as well as prepare you to file the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

A patent search is the very first step to getting your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the term for the product that has been covered by the patent application. It is possible to search for the public pair to locate the patent application. Once the patent office has approved your application, you will be able do a patent number look to locate the issued patent. Your product will now be patented. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines such as espacenet, as detailed below. You can get help from a patent lawyer. In the US patents are issued by the US patent and trademark office or by the United States patent and trademark office, which also reviews trademark applications.

Are you interested in similar patents? These are the steps:

1. Create a list of terms for your invention, based on its purpose or composition.

Start by writing down a succinct detailed description of your invention. Don’t use generic terms like “device”, “process,” or “system”. Instead, think about synonyms for the terms you selected initially. Then, note important technical terms, as well as key words.

To help you recognize terms and keywords, you can use the following questions.

  • What is the goal of the invention Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is inventing a method to make something or carry out some function? Does it constitute a product?
  • What is the purpose and composition of the invention? What is the physical structure of the invention?
  • What’s the point of this invention?
  • What are the technical terms and terms that describe the nature of an invention? A technical dictionary can help you find the appropriate words.

2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. To determine the best classification to your invention, look through the classification’s class Schemes (class schedules). Consider substituting the words you’re using for describing your invention, if you do not get any results from your Classification Text Search with synonyms like the ones you used in the first step.

3. Examine the CPC Classification Definition to verify the accuracy of the CPC classification you have found. The hyperlink to the CPC classification definition will be given when the classification you have selected is a blue square with a “D” on the left. CPC classification definitions can be used to determine the relevant classification’s scope and therefore you’re sure to select the most appropriate. Furthermore the definitions may include search tips and other suggestions that may be useful to further study.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to retrieve patent documents that include the CPC classification. You can search and narrow down the relevant patent publications by looking first at abstract and representative drawings.

5. Take advantage of this list of most relevant patent publications to look at each in detail for similarity to your idea. Be sure to read the specifications and claims. There are many patents available by consulting the patent examiner as well as the applicant.

6. Retrieve published patent applications with the CPC classification you chose in Step 3 from the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can also use the same search strategy that you employed in step 4 to limit down your search results down to just the most relevant patent applications by looking over the abstracts as well as the drawings on every page. Then, you must carefully review the published patent applications with particular attention paid to the claims and additional drawings.

7. You can search for other US patent publications by keyword search in the AppFT or PatFT databases, and also classification search for non-U.S. Patents per below. Additionally, you can use web search engines to find non-patent documents that describe inventions in the literature. Here are some examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.