FACEBOOK, INC. (Menlo Park, CA)
Mobile devices, such as smartphones, might engage in voice or video calls with other users of smartphones. These calls may be one-to-1, but in some cases more than one person can be involved in the same video or voice call. To ensure quality it is preferential to make use of a peer-to-peer (P2P) type of calling when one-to-1 calls are being made. It is possible to make the call multi-directional, with several third parties when using P2P.
This summary offers a brief overview of the novel designs discussed in this document. This summary is not an extensive outline, and is not designed to pinpoint key/critical elements or to delineate the scope of the invention. As a preliminary step, some concepts will be described in a simplified form.
Many embodiments can be used to increase a P2P call into a multiway. Some embodiments are geared towards methods of negotiating a conference name for a multiway call , and to signal the escalation of a P2P call to a multiway call. In one particular embodiment the apparatus may comprise the communication client that runs with caller and callee devices. The communication client can be a separate application which is downloaded on a mobile phone , or may include components integrated into an application for videoconferencing or a phone.
The communication client may comprise an interface component for users to allow users to participate in multiway or one-to one calls; a network component operative to handle network communications between messaging servers and other devices and an P2P media call component that is operative to conduct P2P two-party media calls among client devices; a multiway media call component that is operative to make an unidirectional call using a multi-way media relay system and a media management component that is operative to initiate the P2P two-party media calls, to detect a multiway media call escalation event and to transition the P2P two-party call to an ongoing multiway call. Other embodiments are possible to be described and claimed.
To the accomplishment of the above and other related goals, certain illustrative aspects are discussed in this document along with the following description and the drawings that are annexed. These features are indicative of the many ways the principles discussed herein can be applied and all aspects and equivalents of them are intended to fall within the scope of the claimed subject matter. Other advantages and novel aspects will be apparent from the detailed description whenconsidered alongside the illustrations.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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The government grants patents to safeguard an invention, patents grant the inventor with exclusive rights to use, create, sell and promote the invention? society is benefited when a brand new technology is brought to the market. The benefits can be realized immediately as people are able to accomplish feats previously unattainable, or indirectly through the economic benefits that innovation offers (business growth, jobs).
A lot of pharmaceutical firms and university researchers are seeking patent protection for their work and research. Patents can be granted for the creation of a product, process or method of creating new materials. Patent protection must be granted to any invention that is valuable, novel, and not yet known by other people in the same area.
Patents are a way to reward inventors for their commercially successful inventions. They act as a motivator for inventors to invent. Small businesses and inventors can rest sure that they will earn the most return from the investment they make in technology advancement through patents. They could earn a decent income by their work.
Patents play a vital role in companies, and they can:
Create and protect new products and services that are innovative;
Increase the value, popularity, and appeal of your products market
Differentiate your business and products from the competition;
Get technical and business information.
Beware of accidentally using content from third parties or loosing valuable information, innovative outputs or any other creative output.
Patents can transform an inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset that opens up new possibilities to create jobs and boost expansion of businesses by licensing or joint ventures.
Small companies that have patent protection will be more appealing to investors who are involved in the development and commercialization of technology.
Patenting may lead to the development of innovative ideas and inventions. This information can promote innovation and may qualify for patent protection.
Patents can serve as an effective deterrent for untrustworthy third parties profiting from the invention’s success.
Patent-protected technology revenue that is commercially profitable could be used to finance technology-related research and development (R&D) that can increase the chance of better technology in future.
Intellectual property ownership is a way to convince lenders and investors that there are legitimate chances to market your product. Sometimes, one powerful patent could lead to multiple financing opportunities. Patents and other IP assets can be utilized as collateral or security for financing debt. Investors can also see the patents you own to increase the value of your company. Forbes and other publications have reported that each patent can increase between $500,000 and a million dollars in company valuation.
A well-crafted business plan is essential for startups. It should be based on IP and show the way your product or service stands out. Investors will also be amazed if your IP rights are secure or are in the process of being secured, and that they agree with your business plan.
It is crucial to keep an invention secret until you apply to protect it with patents. Public divulging an invention could frequently devalue its originality and render it invalid. The filing of disclosures prior to filing, for example, for investors, test-marketing or any other business partners, should be done only after signing a confidentiality contract.
There are a variety of patents. Understanding the different types is crucial to protect your invention. Utility patents cover the development of new methods and machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are best to protect the proprietor from copies and competitors. Patents for utility are usually granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Utility patents also cover enhancements and modifications to existing inventions. A process patent would describe the methods or actions to perform a particular action. However, a chemical composition will include a combination of components.
How long does a patent last? Although utility patents last up to 20 years from their initial filing, they can be extended through delays at the patent office.
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When drafting a patent application, you should do a patent search. the search can provide some insights into other people’s thoughts. You’ll be able limit the scope of your idea. Also, you can find out about the current state of the art within the field you’re inventing. You’ll be able to get a better idea of what your invention ought to be and will be better prepared for writing your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step to get your patent is to do an internet search for patents. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending refers to the product that has been included in the patent application. You can search the public pair to find the patent application. Once the patent office has approved your application, you’ll be able do an examination of the patent number to discover the patent granted. The product you are selling will become a patent. You can also use the USPTO search engine. See below for details. For assistance, you can consult a patent attorney or patent attorney. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office or the United States patent office. This office also reviews trademark applications.
Are you interested in finding similar patents? These are the steps to follow:
1. Brainstorm terms to describe your invention, based on its purpose, composition, or use.
Start by writing down a brief, precise description of your idea. Be sure to avoid using terms that are generic such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Instead, look for synonyms to the terms you initially chose. Next, take note of important technical terms and key words.
To help you recognize keywords and concepts, use the questions below.
- What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Invention is a method to come up with something or to perform a function? Or is it a product or procedure?
- What is the basis of the invention? What is the physical constitution?
- What is the purpose of this invention?
- What are the terms used in technical terminology and terms that describe the nature of an invention? To assist you in finding the correct terms, consult the technical dictionary.
2. These terms will allow you to search for relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Search Tool. If you’re not able to locate the appropriate classification for your invention, go through the classification’s class Schemas (class schedules). If you do not get results using the Classification Text Search, you may want to consider replacing the words to describe your invention using synonyms.
3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition for the CPC Classification Definition to verify the relevancy of the CPC classification you’ve found. If the selected classification title includes a blue square with an “D” on its left, clicking on the hyperlink will take you to the CPC classification description. CPC classification definitions will help determine the scope of the classification which is why you can be sure to select the most relevant. In addition, these definitions can include some tips for searching and other information that may be useful to further study.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. By focusing your search on abstracts and illustrations it is possible to narrow your search to patents that are most pertinent to your needs.
5. Utilize this list of most pertinent patent documents to examine each in detail to find similarities to your own invention. Take note of the specification and claims. It is possible to find additional patents through contacting the patent examiner as well as the applicant.
6. Retrieve published patent applications with the CPC classification you picked in Step 3 from the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can apply the same search strategy in Step 4 to narrow your results down to the most relevant patent applications by looking at the abstract as well as the drawings that appear on each page. After that, you must review the patent applications that have been published carefully with particular attention paid to the claims as well as other drawings.
7. You can search for additional US patent publications using keyword searching in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also search for patents classified as that aren’t from the United States as according to below. Also, you can use web search engines to find non-patent literature disclosures about inventions. Examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.