The present disclosure relates to methods and systems for road edge detection and mapping, for vehicle wheel identification and navigation based thereon as well as for identifying objects as moving or non-moving. The systems and methods described may utilize trained systems, such as one or more neural networks. Further autonomous vehicle systems could include elements of any of the techniques and systems.

Technical Field

The disclosed disclosure is of a general nature and is related to methods and systems to recognize and classify the elements in the environment that is a vehicle’s. Particularly, the disclosure relates to systems and methods for detecting a road boundary edge, detecting awheel of the vehicle, and classifying objects as moving or not.

Background Information

As technology advances in the field of technology, the possibility of a fully autonomous vehicle capable of driving on roads is near. Autonomous vehicles could have to consider various aspects and make the right decisions based on those factors to safely and accurately reach an intended destination. For example an autonomous vehicle could require processing and interpretation of images (e.g. images taken from a camera) and could also rely on information gathered from other sources (e.g., from an GPS device, a speed sensor, an accelerometer, a suspension sensor, etc.). The autonomous vehicle may require a location in a roadway to get to a location. This could include identifying the location of the vehicle in a multi-lane roadway, following other vehicles and pedestrians, and avoiding obstacles and pedestrians. There are many design issues involved in interpreting and harnessing the vast quantities of data that an autonomous vehicle collects as it journeys to its destination. The sheer amount of information (e.g. images captured data, maps data, GPS data, sensor data, etc. )that an autonomous vehicle may require to access, analyze, and/or store presents challenges that can in fact restrict or negatively impact autonomous navigation. Additionally, an autonomous vehicle that relies on the traditional technology of mapping for navigation faces daunting challenges due to the sheer volume of data needed to maintain and update the map.

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A patent is granted by the government to safeguard an invention. It gives the inventor the exclusive rights to create, utilize and market the idea. Society is benefited when new technology is introduced to market. The benefits can be realized directly as individuals are able to accomplish previously impossible feats, or indirectly via the economic opportunities that innovation provides (business growth, employment).

A lot of pharmaceutical companies and researchers at universities seek protection under patents to protect their research and development. Patents can be granted to an abstract or physical product or process , or the method or composition of materials new to the area. In order to be granted protection under a patent the invention must be useful, new, and not obvious to others in the same subject.

Patents give inventors a chance to be recognized for commercially viable inventions. They serve as a motivator for inventors to invent. Patents permit inventors and small businesses to be confident that there’s the possibility that they’ll get a profit on their time, effort and investment in the development of technology. They could earn a decent income from their work.

Businesses with the ability to:

Protect new products and services that are innovative;

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Patents effectively transform the inventor’s knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset, which creates new opportunities to create jobs and boost business expansion through licensing or joint ventures.

Investors involved in the commercialization and development of technology will find small businesses with patent protection to be more attractive.

Patenting can generate fresh ideas and innovative inventions. The information you create may be protected under patents.

Patents can be used to stop untrustworthy third parties from profiting through the work of inventions.

Revenues from patent-protected technology that are commercially successful could be used to finance technological research and development (R&D) and improve the chances of developing better technology in the near future.

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It is crucial to keep your invention secret until you file to protect it with patents. Public disclosure of an invention prior to its filing often destroy its novelty and render it unpatentable. Thus, prior filing disclosures (e.g., for test-marketing investors, investors, or for other business partners) must only be done upon signing a confidentiality contract.

There are many types of patents. Understanding them is crucial to protect your invention. Utility patents cover new methods and inventions made by machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are best and shield the proprietor from copies and competitors. In most cases they are granted for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. They can also be used to improve or modify existing inventions. For example, a process patent covers acts or methods for performing an action, while a chemical composition will include a mixture of components.

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When you’re writing a patent application when you are writing a patent application, it is important to conduct a patent search. the search will give you some insights into other people’s concepts. This will allow you to limit the scope of your idea. It is also possible to learn about the technological advancements in your field of invention. This will help you to comprehend the scope of your invention and prepare you for the filing of the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

The first step to get your patent is to conduct a patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is filed, the product that is covered by the patent application could be described as patent-pending. you can find the patent application on public pair. Once the patent office has approved your application, you’ll be able to do search for a patent number and discover the patent granted. The product you are selling will now become patented. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you may also use other search engines, such as espacenet, as detailed below. You can get help from an attorney for patents or a patent attorney. In the US patents are issued by the US patent and trademark office or the United States patent and trademark office, which also reviews trademark applications.

Are you interested in similar patents? Here are the steps to follow:

1. Think of terms to describe your invention, based on the intention, composition, and application.

Write down a short, but precise description of the invention. Be sure to avoid using terms that are generic such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Instead, look for synonyms to the terms you chose initially. Also, keep track of crucial technical terms, as well as key words.

Use the questions below to help you determine the keywords or concepts.

  • What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is invention a way to come up with something or to perform a function? Or is it a thing or procedure?
  • What is the nature and purpose of the invention? What is the invention’s physical composition?
  • What’s the objective of this invention?
  • What are technical terms and phrases that define the characteristics of an invention? A technical dictionary can assist you to find the appropriate terms.

2. These terms will let you look up relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications using the Classification Search Tool. To determine the most suitable classification for your invention, look through the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). Consider substituting the words that you’ve used to describe your invention if you don’t get any results from the Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in the first step.

3. Examine the CPC Classification Definition to verify the relevancy of the CPC classification you’ve located. If the chosen classification includes a blue square with an “D” at its left, clicking on the hyperlink will take you to the CPC classification description. CPC classification definitions can help you determine the applicable classification’s scope so that you can select the most relevant. The definitions could also contain research tips or other suggestions that could be helpful for further research.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. You can review and find the relevant patent documents by focusing first on the abstract and the drawings that are representative.

5. This selection of patent publications is the best to examine for connections to your invention. Pay close attention to the specifications and claims. There are many patents available by consulting the patent examiner and the applicant.

6. You can find the patent application that has been published and fit the CPC classification you chose in Step 3. You can apply the same search strategy as Step 4, narrowing your results to the relevant patent application by examining the abstract and representative illustrations on every page. After that, take a close look at the published patent applications and pay particular attention to the claims and additional drawings.

7. You can search for other US patent publications using keyword search in the AppFT or PatFT databases, and also the classification search of patents that are that aren’t from the United States as in the following table. Also, you can use web search engines to find non-patent literature disclosures about inventions. Here are a few examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.