A parallel computer system comprises direct links that form an immediate connection between a sending node and the receiving node. One-hop links that form an connection between a sending node and a receiving by way of a return node that is other than the sending node as well as the receiving node, and a communications control unit that, when transfer data from a sender node to a recipient node, selects the link that links both the sending and receiving node from among links that use only one-hop links and a link using only one hop or one that creates a connection combines and uses the direct link and the one-hop link.

The invention is an electronic computer system that is parallel, comprising: a direct line that creates a direct connection between two sending nodes and one receiver node. one hop link that creates an connection between the sending and receiving nodes through a return link other than the nodes that are sending and receiving and a control for communication that selects the link between the sending and receiving nodes when data transfers occur. This can be done by using only the direct links, a link that uses only one hop links, and links that use only one hop.

The present invention offers a method for controlling a parallel computer network. This is done by selecting a link between a sending and receiving node.

The software of the invention is stored on a non-temporary computer readable medium. The computer runs the process of transferring data from a receiving node and then to a receiving node. This is done by made with only a directlink, which is a direct connection between receiving and sending nodes, a one-hoplink that is a connection link between the two nodes using a return link other than the sending and receiving nodes, and a linking that blends the one-hop and the one-hop links

One of the invention’s object is to provide a means of controlling a parallel computer system and a nontemporary computer-readable medium that can store programs that increase the effectiveness of communication using simple controls and shortening the communication time in parallel computations in the form of a parallel computing system that is connected via full mesh.

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A patent is granted by the government in order to protect an invention. It grants the inventor the rights to develop, use and market the idea. Society is benefited when new technology is brought for sale. Benefits can be realized in directly, in that it may allow individuals to achieve previously impossible things, or indirectly, due to the opportunities for economic growth (business expansion and job creation) that innovation provides.

Patent protection is demanded by a variety of pharmaceutical companies and university researchers for their research and development. Patents can be granted to a product, process, or method of creating new materials. To be granted patent protection, an invention must be novel, useful and not be obvious to other people in the same field.

Patents give inventors a reward for commercially successful inventions. They provide a reason for inventors to invent. Patents allow entrepreneurs and inventors to be assured that there’s a good chance they will be paid back for their efforts, time and money spent on the development of technology. It means that they can earn money from their work.

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Patents transform inventors’ knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset which opens new opportunities for employment creation and growth of business through joint ventures or licensing.

Investors who are involved in the development and commercialization of technology will appreciate small businesses with patent protection to be more attractive.

Patents can lead to fresh ideas and innovative inventions. This information can encourage creativity and could be eligible for patent protection.

Patents can be used to serve as an obstacle to unscrupulous third parties who profit from an invention’s successes.

Patent-protected technology revenues that are commercially profitable could be used to fund technology-related research and development (R&D) which can increase the chance of a better technology in the near future.

Intellectual property ownership can be used to convince investors and lenders that there are real opportunities to market your product. Sometimes, one patent could open the door to multiple financing opportunities. Patents and other IP assets as collateral or security to secure financing. Investors can also see the patents you own to boost the value of your business. Forbes and other publications have reported that each patent can add anything from $500,000 to one million dollars to company valuation.

Start-ups require a well-constructed business plan that is built on the IP to show that your product/service is distinct superior, innovative, or superior. Investors will be impressed if you have IP rights are secure or are in the process of becoming secure, and if they agree with your business plan.

It is crucial to keep your invention secret until you file for patent protection. Public disclosure of an invention prior to filing can often destroy its novelty and render it unpatentable. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g. for test-marketing investors, test-marketing, or for other business partners) should only be filed following the signing of a confidentiality agreement.

There are numerous types of patents. Knowing them is essential to safeguard your invention. Patents for utility cover techniques and machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most effective and protect the owner against copycats and other competitors. Patents for utility are usually issued to improve or modify existing inventions. Utility patents also cover enhancements and modifications to existing inventions. For instance, a procedure patent will cover acts or methods of performing a specific act, whereas chemical compositions will comprise an assortment of components.

What is the length of time a patent will last? Although utility patents are valid up to 20 years from their earliest filing, they may be extended through delay in the Patent Office.

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When drafting an application for patents when you are writing a patent application, it is essential to conduct a patent search. the search can provide some insight into other people’s concepts. It will help you narrow down the nature of your idea. Additionally, you’ll be able to discover the latest technological advancements in your area of invention. You’ll be able to get a better idea of what your invention should be, and you’ll be more prepared to submit the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

A patent search is the initial step in obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending refers to the product protected by the patent application. You can use the public pair to find the patent application. After the patent office approves your application, you’ll be able to do a patent number look to locate the issued patent. The product you are selling will be patented. You can also utilize the USPTO search engine. Check out the following article for more information. A patent lawyer or attorney can assist you with the procedure. Patents in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office as well as the United States Patent and Trademark office. This office also reviews trademark applications.

Are you looking for similar patents? These are the steps to follow:

1. Think of terms to describe your invention based on the purpose, composition and use.

Start by writing down a succinct detailed description of your idea. Do not use generic terms such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Consider synonyms for the terms you initially chose. Next, note important technical terms as well as keywords.

To help you recognize the key words and concepts, try the questions below.

  • What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is invention a way to create something or perform a function? Or is it a thing or process?
  • What is the structure of the invention? What is the invention’s physical constitution?
  • What’s the objective of this invention?
  • What are technical terms and terms that describe the nature of an invention? To find the right terms, refer to the technical dictionary.

2. These terms will enable you to search for pertinent Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification for your invention, look through the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). You may want to consider substituting the terms you use to describe your invention if you do not receive any results from the Classification Text Search with synonyms like the ones you used in Step 1.

3. Examine 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition to verify the accuracy of the CPC classification that you have found. If the chosen classification is a blue box that has an “D” at its left, clicking on the hyperlink will take you to the CPC classification definition. CPC classification definitions will help you determine the applicable classification’s scope, so you can pick the one that is the one that is most appropriate. Furthermore they can provide search tips and other suggestions which could be helpful to further study.

4. Retrieve patent documents with the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. You can look through and narrow down the most relevant patent publications by noting first the abstract and the drawings that are representative.

5. Take advantage of this list of most pertinent patent documents to look at each in depth to find the similarities to your invention. Pay close attention to the claims and specifications. There are many patents available by consulting the patent examiner as well as the applicant.

6. You can retrieve patent applications published in the past that match the CPC classification you chose in Step 3. The similar search strategy can be used as Step 4. You can narrow your search results in order to locate the most pertinent patent applications by looking over the abstracts and drawings on each page. The next step is to review the patent applications that have been published carefully with particular attention paid to the claims as well as other drawings.

7. Find additional US patents by keywords in the PatFT or AppFT databases, searching for classification of non-U.S. patents as per below, and searching non-patent publications of inventions with web search engines. Here are some examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.