Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Suwon-si, KR)
What is a Patent for Method and apparatus for signaling zero padding bins on the fronthaul interface
Improvements are needed to the control signal messaging interface between radio devices (RU)and the central unit or distributed units (DU) of an Open Radio Access Network wireless communication system (O-RAN). Without a clear definition of the zeropadding needed to create the O-RAN front-haul interface for certain scenarios such as Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services (MBMS) It is not easy to determine how the zeropadding works for the inverse Fast Fourier Transform/Fast Transform bins.
A control plane section type message refers to a section extension message that includes a field numZeroPadBin indicating a number of padded bins that are zero to be added to an indication in the section header of the control plane section type message for FFT/iFFT. A control plane section type type message could be one of the following examples: a Section Type 1 message; it could also be a Section Type 3 or Section Type 5 message. It could also be associated with an MBSFN subframe. The numZeroPadBin number is calculated based on the SCS, FFT Size and CP combination NCP/ECP inside a subframe or a slot.
Other technical characteristics may be readily apparent to one skilled in the art from the following figures as well as descriptions and claims.
Before completing the DETAILED DESCRIPTION below It may be helpful to set forth definitions of certain terms and phrases that appear throughout the patent document. The term “couple” and its derivatives refer to any direct or indirectcommunication between two or more elements, whether those elements are in physical contact with one another. Direct and indirect communication is covered by the terms “transmit”, “receive” and “communicate.” Both the words “include” or “comprise” as well as their derivatives, are used to refer to inclusion, without limitation. The term “or” is inclusive, meaning that it can also mean. The phrase “associated with,” and its derivatives, refers to include, be contained within, interconnect with, include or be included within, connected to or with, couple to or with, communicate to, work with, interleave, juxtapose and be close to, be affixed to or associated with, possess the property of, have a relationship to or with, or similar. The term”controller” refers to any system, device or component thereof that is responsible for at least one function. Such a controller may be implemented in hardware, or as a mixture of software and hardware as well as firmware. Each controller’s function could be centralized or distributed, locally or remotely. When used in conjunction with a list item the phrase “at most one of” implies that multiple combinations of item can be utilized and only one item may be needed. If you are using the expression “at least one” in conjunction with an item list and items, that means at least one of the following combinations could be used: A,B,C B and A, A-B, C The A and B, C B and A and B and C A. And B and, C, as well as A. and B and,C, along with B and,C, and. and B and,C. The term “set” also refers to one or more. A set of items could be a single item or a collection of several items.
Many of the functions mentioned below can be executed or supported with one or more computer coded programs. Every code is computer-readable and stored on an electronic medium that can be read by computers. The words “application” and”program” refer to one or more computer software components, programs that comprise sets of instructions, procedures or functions, objects, classes instances, data related to them or a part of it adapted for implementation in a suitable computer readable program code.The expression “computer programmer readable code” is any kind of computer program code, such as object code, source code, and executable code. The expression “computer readable medium” encompasses any medium that is able to be used by computers, such asread only memory (ROM) or random access memory (RAM) as well as hard disk drives or compact disc (CD) or a digital video disc (DVD), or any other type of memory. The phrase “non-transitory computer-readable medium” excludes wireless and wired communication links, optical, and other communication systems which transmit electrical signals for transitory purposes. A computer-readable medium that is non-transitory contains media on which data can be stored for a long time and which allow data to be stored and later overwritten, for instance, an optical disc that is rewritable, or an erasable memory device.
The patent document provides definitions for certain words and phrases. Those of ordinary skill in the art must be aware that in many cases these definitions will apply to prior as well as future use of these defined words and phrases.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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Patenting can lead to new ideas and inventions. The information you create may be protected by patents.
Patents can be used to serve as a deterrent to untrustworthy third parties profiting from an invention’s efforts.
Revenues from patent-protected technology that are commercially successful could be used to finance technological research and development (R&D) that will boost the likelihood of improved technology in the future.
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Start-ups need a well-constructed business plan that leverages the IP to demonstrate that your product or service is distinctive superior, innovative, or superior. In addition, investors will be impressed when you demonstrate that your IP rights are secure or in the process of becoming secure and that they align with your business strategy.
It is crucial to keep your invention secret until you apply for patent protection. Making an invention public prior to filing could often erode its originality and render it patent-infringing. Disclosures that are filed prior to filing, like for investors, test-marketing or any other business partners, is best done after signing a confidentiality agreement.
There are several types of patents and knowing these is vital to safeguard your invention. Utility patents are for new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Patents for utility are the best option and protect the owner against copies and competitors. In most cases, utility patents are issued for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. Patents issued under utility can be used to improve or modify existing inventions. A process patent will be a way to describe the actions or methods to perform a particular action. However, a chemical composition would include the combination of components.
What is the average length of the patent? Utility patents are valid for 20 years after the earliest filing date, however, their expirations may be extended due to patent office delays for instance.
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When drafting an application for patents it is recommended to conduct an internet search for patents, since the search can provide an understanding of other people’s thoughts. This allows you to restrict the extent of your invention. Additionally, you’ll be able to be aware of the current state of art in your area of invention. This will help you to comprehend the scope of your invention and prepare for the filing of the patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step in getting the patent you want is to conduct a patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. After the patent application has been submitted, the product that is that is covered by the patent application could be called patent-pending, and you can find the patent application online on the public pair. Once the patent office approves the patent application, you will be able to do a patent number search to locate the issued patent. Your product will now be patented. You can also use the USPTO search engine. See below for details. It is possible to seek help from a patent lawyer. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office or the United States patent office. The office also examines trademark applications.
Are you interested in finding other similar patents? Here are the steps:
1. Think of terms to describe your invention, based on the purpose, composition and application.
Write down a concise and precise description of your idea. Be sure to avoid using terms that are generic such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Think about synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Also, make note of key technical terms and key words.
Utilize the following questions to help you determine keywords or concepts.
- What is the objective of the invention Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is the invention a method of creating something , or carrying out a function? Is it an object?
- What is the structure of the invention? What is the physical makeup of the invention?
- What is the goal of this invention?
- What are technical terms and keywords that describe the nature of an invention? To help you find the correct terms, consult an online dictionary of technical terms.
2. These terms allow you to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at Classification Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification to your invention, go through the classification’s class Schemes (class schedules). If you don’t get any results from the Classification Text Search, you might want to think about substituting the words to describe your invention with synonyms.
3. Examine the CPC Classification Definition for the CPC Classification Definition to verify the accuracy of the CPC classification you’ve discovered. If the chosen classification includes a blue square with an “D” at its left, clicking on the hyperlink will direct you to the CPC classification definition. CPC classification definitions can be used to determine the scope of the classification and therefore you’re certain to choose the one that is appropriate. In addition the definitions may include search tips and other suggestions that could be helpful in further research.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to retrieve patent documents that include the CPC classification. You can review and select the relevant patent publications focusing first on the abstract and the drawings that are representative.
5. This collection of patent publications is the best to check for similarity to your idea. Be sure to read the specification and claims. Refer to the applicant and patent examiner for additional patents.
6. You can find the patent application that has been published and fit the CPC classification you selected in Step 3. You can use the same search strategy as Step 4, narrowing your results to the most relevant patent application through the abstract and illustrations on every page. After that, take a close look at the patent applications that have been published with particular attention paid to the claims as well as additional drawings.
7. Locate additional US patent publications by keyword searches in PatFT and AppFT databases, searching for classification of non-U.S. patents as described below, and searching for non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using internet search engines. Here are a few examples:
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- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.