Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Suwon-si, KR)
What is a Patent for Method and apparatus for executing conditional handover within a wireless communications networks
The invention is related to wireless communications and, particularly, to a method (and an apparatus for users) for performing conditional handovers in a wireless communications network.
2. Description of related art
To meet the growing demands for wireless data after the introduction of 4th generation (4G) communication systems was put into creating a 5th generation (5G) communication system. The 5G or pre-5Gcommunication system is also known as a `beyond 4G network` or a `post long term evolution (LTE) system`. The 5G system of communication is considered to be implemented with higher frequencies (mmWave) bands, e.g., 60 GHz bands, in order to accomplish higher datarates. Beamforming, massive multi-input multi output (MIMO), full-dimensional MIMO (FDIMO), array antennas beamforming, analog beamforming, and large-scale antenna techniques are all mentioned in connection with 5G communications systems. In addition, in 5G communication systems, development for system network improvement is under way based on advanced small cells, cloud radio access networks (RANs), ultra-dense networks,device-to-device (D2D) communication, wireless backhaul, moving network, cooperative communication, coordinated multi-points (CoMP), reception-end interference cancellation and the like. In the 5G system hybrid frequency shift keying (FSK) and Feher’squadrature amplitude modulation (FQAM) and sliding window superposition coding (SWSC) as an advanced Coding Modulation (ACM) and filter bank multi-carrier (FBMC) and non-orthogonal multi access (NOMA), and sparse code multi access (SCMA) as anadvanced access technology have been created.
The Internet is a human-centric connection network in which humans create and consume information, is currently evolving to the Internet of things (IoT) where distributed entities, such as objects communicate and process data without human intervention. The Internet of everything (IoE), which is a combination of IoT technology and the big data processing technology via connection to a cloud server has come into existence. As technology elements, such as “sensing technology”,”wired/wireless communication and network infrastructure”, “service interface technology”, and “security technology” have been demanded for IoT implementation, a sensor network, a machine-to-machine (M2M) communication, machine type communication (MTC),and so forth have been recently researched. The IoT environment could provide smart Internet technology services that create a new value to humans by capturing and analyzing data generated among connected objects. IoT can be utilized in a variety of sectors, including smart homes, smart cities, smart buildings smart cars or connected cars and smart grids as well as health care and advanced medical services. It is possible to combine the existing technology of technologies, such as information technology (IT), and other industrial applications.
In this regard, various attempts were made to incorporate 5G communication systems into IoT networks. Technology such as MTC, MTC and M2M communication can be implemented with beamforming, MIMO and array antennas. This is an instance of convergence between 5G technology and IoT technology.
Numerous services are offered through the advancement of wireless communications systems, as mentioned above. Thus, a method to easily provide such services is necessary.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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Patent searches are the very first step in obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the term for the product covered by the patent application. You can use for the public pair to locate the patent application. After the patent office has approved the application, you can do a patent number search to locate the patent that was issued which means that your product has been granted patent. You can also utilize the USPTO search engine. Check out the following article for more information. You can get help from an attorney for patents. In the US Patents are issued by the US trademark and patent office, or the United States patent and trademark office, which is also responsible for examining trademark applications.
Are you interested in similar patents? These are the steps to follow:
1. Create a list of terms for your invention, based on its purpose composition, use, or purpose.
Write down a short and precise description of the invention. Avoid using generic terms like “device,” “process,” and “system.” Think about synonyms for the terms you picked initially. Next, note important technical terms and key words.
To help you find terms and keywords, you can use the following questions.
- What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is inventing a method to come up with something or to perform an action? Or is it a product or process?
- What is the basis of the invention? What is the physical makeup of the invention?
- What’s the point of the invention
- What are the technical terms and keywords that describe the nature of an invention? To help you find the correct terms, consult an online dictionary of technical terms.
2. Utilize these terms to locate relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you are unable to determine the correct classification to describe your invention, go through the Schemas of classes (class schedules). If you don’t see any results from the Classification Text Search, you might want to think about substituting the words to describe your invention using synonyms.
3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition to confirm the validity of the CPC classification you’ve found. The hyperlink to the CPC classification definition will be provided when the classification you have selected contains a blue box with “D” to the left. CPC classification definitions can help determine the relevant classification’s scope, so you are sure to select the most pertinent. Furthermore the definitions may include some tips for searching and other information that may be useful for further study.
4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to retrieve patent documents that include the CPC classification. You can look through and select the most relevant patent publications by focusing first on the abstract and drawings representative of.
5. This collection of patent publications is the best to examine for connections to your idea. Pay attention to the specification and claims. Consult the applicant and patent examiner for additional patents.
6. It is possible to find patent applications published in the public domain that fit the CPC classification you selected in Step 3. You can use the same strategy of searching as Step 4, narrowing your results to the most pertinent patent application by looking at the abstract and illustrations on every page. Then, you must carefully review the published patent applications with particular attention paid to the claims and the additional drawings.
7. You can look up other US patent publications by keyword searches in AppFT or PatFT databases, as well as classification searching for non-U.S. Patents as per below. You can also utilize web search engines to search for non-patent-related patent disclosures in literature about inventions. Here are a few examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.