INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION (Armonk, NY)
The marketing of products or services can often be done via a telecommunications network (for example, via phone) or even in person (for instance, visiting the target market in your home). The marketer is usually the one initiating the communication. When a successful marketing engagement is made that is successful, the marketer convinces a marketer to make a purchase or sign up for a service or enter a raffle in exchange for providing personal or financial information or other information, and so on. In addition, while many marketinginteractions have a legitimate purpose, some are fraudulent. Non-marketing interactions can also have a fraudulent purpose, such as attempts to gain access to private information for an illegitimate reason.
The illustrated embodiments offer the method, system and computer program product. One embodiment includes a method for monitoring, via monitoring natural language messages between parties that are protected, the communications. The party that is protected is a human being. A method detects, in the monitored communication that a natural language interaction occurs between the protectedparty and the second party by through a naturallanguage processing system. An embodiment analyzes, in order to identify an interaction pattern, or the natural language interaction, the pattern of interaction that is derived from the monitored communications, metadata of the protected party, as well as metadata from the second party. A particular embodiment forecasts, using the interactionpattern and an interaction model, negative outcomes from the natural language interaction which results in an economic loss for the party being protected. The invention intercepts the negative result by notifying the affected person.
An embodiment includes an computer-usable program product. The computer usable program product includes one or more computers-readable storage devices and instructions for programming stored on at the very least several storage devices.
Computer systems are included in an embodiment. The computer system includes one or more processors, one or more memory devices that are computer-readable as well as one or more computer-readable storage devices, and program instructions stored on one of the storage devices to be executed by one of the one or more processors through at least one of the memory devices.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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What is a patent?
A patent is granted by the government to protect an invention patents grant the inventor with exclusive rights to use, create and sell the invention? Society is benefited when a brand new technology is introduced to the market. These benefits could be directly realized when people can accomplish feats previously unattainable, or indirectly through the opportunities for economic growth that innovation provides (business expansion, job creation).
Many pharmaceutical companies and researchers at universities seek patent protection to protect their research and development. A patent can cover an abstract or physical process or product, or even a method or composition of materials that are new to the area. Patent protection is granted to an invention that is beneficial or novel and is not yet known by other people in the same area.
Patents honor inventors who have commercially successful inventions. They are an incentive to inventors to create. Patents allow entrepreneurs and inventors to know that there’s a good chance they will be paid back for their time, effort, and money invested in the development of technology. They can earn a living from their work.
Patents play a vital role in businesses with the ability to:
Secure your products and services.
Enhance the visibility and worth of your products on market
Make your brand stand out from others.
Find out about business and technical information.
Avoid the danger of using third-party proprietary content, or losing your valuable information, innovative outputs, or other creative output.
Patents transform inventors’ knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset that opens up new possibilities for employment creation and business expansion by licensing or joint ventures.
Investors in the development and commercialization of technology may find small businesses with patent protection to be more attractive.
Patenting could lead to the development of new ideas and inventions. This information could encourage the development of new ideas and could qualify for patent protection.
Patents can be used to stop untrustworthy third parties from making money from the invention’s efforts.
Revenues from patent-protected technology that are commercially successful can be used to finance technological research and development (R&D) and improve the chances of developing better technology in the near future.
You can leverage intellectual property ownership to convince investors and lenders that your product is a viable commercial value. Sometimes, a single patent can open the door to a variety of financing possibilities. Patents as well as other IP assets are able to be used as collateral or as security to finance debt. Investors are also able to view the patents you own to boost their valuation of your company. Forbes and other publications have pointed out that each patent can increase company valuation by anywhere from $500,000 to $1 million.
Startups require a carefully-crafted business plan that is built on the IP to demonstrate that your product or service is distinctive superior, innovative, or superior. Investors will also be amazed if your IP rights are secured or in the process to being secured, and that they are in line with your business plan.
It is essential to keep an invention secret prior to filing a patent application. Public disclosure of an invention could be detrimental to its novelty and make it invalid. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g., for test-marketing, investors, or other business partners) should only be filed following the signing of a confidentiality agreement.
There are many types of patents. Knowing them is essential to protect your invention. Utility patents cover new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most effective and protect the owner against copies and competitors. Most often they are granted for alterations or improvements on existing inventions. Utility patents also cover enhancements and modifications in existing inventions. For example, a process patent will cover acts or methods of doing a specific act, whereas chemical compositions are a mixture of components.
What is the typical length of patents? Utility patents last 20 years after the initial date of filing, however their expirations are able to be extended because of patent office delays such as.
Are you looking to patent your ideas? Patents are granted only to applicants who are the first to file, so you must file quickly. Call PatentPC today to get your patent application filed!
When you are writing an application for patents, you should do an internet search for patents, since it will provide you with some insights into other people’s concepts. You’ll be able limit the scope of your invention. In addition, you can learn about state of the technology in your area of invention. You’ll have a better idea of what your invention should be, and you’ll be more prepared for writing your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
The first step in obtaining your patent is to perform a patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the name used to describe the product protected by the patent application. You can search the public pair to find the patent application. Once the patent office has approved your application, you will be able do a patent number look to find the patent issued. The product you are selling will be patentable. You can also utilize the USPTO search engine. See below for details. It is possible to seek help from an attorney who specializes in patents. Patents in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office or the United States patent office. The trademark office also evaluates trademark applications.
Are you looking for similar patents? These are the steps:
1. Think of terms to describe your invention, based on the purpose, composition and use.
Write down a concise and precise description of your idea. Avoid using generic terms such as “device”, “process”, and “system”. Instead, think about synonyms for the terms you selected initially. Then, take note of important technical terms as well as keywords.
To help you identify terms and keywords, you can use the questions below.
- What’s the goal of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is invention a way to make something or carry out some function? Does it constitute a product?
- What is the purpose and composition of the invention? What is the invention’s physical structure?
- What’s the objective of this invention?
- What are technical words and terms that describe the characteristics of an invention? To find the correct terms, consult the technical dictionary.
2. These terms will allow you to look up relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Search Tool. To determine the most suitable classification to your invention, scan the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). You may want to consider substituting the terms you use to describe your invention if you do not receive any results from the Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in step 1.
3. Check the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you have found. The link to a CPC classification definition will be provided in the event that the title of the classification is a blue square with a “D” to its left. CPC classification definitions can aid you in determining the classification’s scope so that you can choose the one that is most appropriate. Additionally, these definitions can include research tips and other suggestions which could be helpful for further investigation.
4. Retrieve patent documents with the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. You can look through and narrow down the relevant patent publications looking first at abstract and representative drawings.
5. Use this selection of the most pertinent patent documents to study each in detail for the similarities to your invention. Be sure to read the claims and specifications. There are many patents available by referring to the patent examiner and the applicant.
6. Search for patent applications that have been published using the CPC classification you picked in Step 3 of the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. It is also possible to use the same strategy of searching you used in step 4 to limit your search results to just the most relevant patent applications by looking over the abstracts as well as the drawings on every page. Next, carefully examine the patent applications that have been published, paying particular attention to the claims as well as additional drawings.
7. Find other US patent publications using keywords in the PatFT or AppFT databases, searching for classification of non-U.S. patents per below, and searching for non-patent literature disclosures of inventions using web search engines. For instance:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.