Samsung Display Co., Ltd. (N/A)

A display apparatus includes multiple pixels. Each pixel of the pixels includes a thin film transistor with a first insulating layer that is positioned on the thin film transistor and a pixel electrode that is placed in the first insulating pattern, as well as a second insulating pattern covering an edge of the pixel electrode and connecting to the edge of the first insulation pattern.

1. Field

The technical field relates to an apparatus for display and a method of manufacturing the display apparatus.

2. Description of the Related Art

Different designs and manufacturing techniques are used to enhance image quality and/or reliability of the display apparatuses in order for them to be commercially viable.

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What is a patent?

A patent is granted by the government to protect an invention patents give the inventor exclusive rights to use, create, sell and promote the invention? society is benefited when a brand new technology is introduced to the market. The benefits can be directly realized when people are able to achieve previously unattainable feats or indirectly via the opportunities for economic growth that innovation provides (business growth, jobs).

Many pharmaceutical companies and researchers at universities seek protection under patents to protect their research and development. Patents are granted for a product, process, or method of making new materials. Patent protection is granted to an invention that is useful, novel, and not previously known to others in the same field.

Patents reward inventors who have commercially successful inventions. They provide a motivation for inventors to invent. Patents permit entrepreneurs and inventors to know that there’s an excellent chance that they will receive a return on their time, effort and investment in the development of technology. This means they will be able to make a living by their work.

Patents play essential roles in businesses with the ability to:

Secure your products and services.

Improve the value, the visibility, and attractiveness of your product on the market;

Differentiate yourself and your products from others.

Access to business and technical knowledge and data;

Avoid the risk of accidentally using proprietary third-party content, or losing valuable data, original outputs, or another creative output.

Patents can transform an inventor’s knowledge into a commercially tradeable asset which opens new opportunities for job creation and business growth by licensing or joint ventures.

Small businesses that have patent protection are more appealing to investors who are involved in the commercialization of technology.

Patenting could lead to the development of innovations and new ideas. This information can promote creativity and could be eligible for patent protection.

Patents can be used as an obstacle to unscrupulous third parties who profit from the efforts of an invention.

Patent-protected technology that is commercially profitable could be used to finance technological research and development (R&D) that can increase the chance of better technology in future.

You can leverage the intellectual property rights of your company to convince lenders and investors that your product is a viable commercial potential. Sometimes, a single patent could lead to multiple financing options. Patents and other IP assets are able to be used as collateral or as security to finance debt. Investors can also see the patents you own to increase their company valuation. Forbes and others have noted that each patent can add between $500,000 and one million dollars to company valuation.

Startups require a well-designed business plan that is built on the IP to demonstrate that your product or service is distinctive and superior or ingenuous. Investors will also be amazed if your IP rights are secured or are on the verge of becoming secure, and if they support your business strategy.

It is important to keep your invention secret until you file for patent protection. Making an invention public prior to filing can typically degrade the novelty of an invention and render it patent-infringing. Therefore, prior filing disclosures (e.g. for testing marketing investors, test-marketing, or any other business partners) should only be made after signing a confidentiality agreement.

There are many types of patents. Knowing the different types of patents is vital to protect your invention. Patents for utility are used to protect new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Patents for utility are the best option and shield the owner from copycats and competitors. Patents for utility are usually granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Utility patents also cover improvements and changes in existing inventions. A process patent will cover the acts or methods to perform a particular action. A chemical composition would include a combination of ingredients.

How long does a patent last? Although utility patents last up to 20 years from their initial filing, they can be extended by delays in the patent office.

Are you considering the patenting of your idea? Patents are only granted to applicants who are the first to file, therefore you need to file your patent application quickly. Contact PatentPC today to file your patent application submitted!

When you’re writing an application for patents it is recommended to conduct a patent search, as the search will give you an insight into the other applicants’ thoughts. You’ll be able limit the scope of your invention. In addition, you can learn about state of the art in your field of invention. This will assist you in know the extent of your invention as well as prepare you to file the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

The first step to obtain your patent is to do an internet search for patents. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the name used to describe the product that has been protected by the patent application. You can use the public pair to find the patent application. When the patent office is satisfied with your application, you’ll be able to conduct a patent number look to locate the patent that was issued. Your product is now patentable. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you may also use other search engines such as espacenet, which is described below. For assistance, consult an attorney for patents. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office as well as the United States patent office. This office also reviews trademark applications.

Are you interested in finding similar patents? Here are the steps to follow:

1. Think of terms to describe your invention based upon the purpose, composition and use.

Write down a concise and precise description of your idea. Avoid using generic terms like “device”, “process,” or “system”. Instead, look for synonyms to the terms you selected initially. Next, note important technical terms and keywords.

To help you find keywords and concepts, use the following questions.

  • What is the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Does the invention consist of a method of making something or performing some function? Are you referring to an item?
  • What is the purpose and composition of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
  • What’s the purpose of this invention?
  • What are the terms and phrases in the field of technology used to describe an invention’s nature? To help you find the correct terms, consult an online dictionary of technical terms.

2. Utilize these terms to locate relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re unable to locate the appropriate classification to describe your invention, scan through the classification’s Schemas of classes (class schedules) and then try again. If you do not get results using the Classification Text Search, you may want to consider replacing the words that describe your invention using synonyms.

3. Go through 3. Check the CPC Classification Definition to confirm the validity of the CPC classification you have found. If the chosen classification includes a blue square with an “D” on its left, clicking on the hyperlink will take you to a CPC classification’s description. CPC classification definitions will aid you in determining the classification’s scope so that you can choose the most relevant. The definitions could also contain research tips or other suggestions which could prove useful in further investigation.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. You can look through and find the most relevant patent publications by focusing first on the abstract and the drawings that are representative.

5. This collection of patent publication is the most appropriate to check for similarities to your invention. Pay close attention to the claims and specifications. You may find additional patents through contacting the patent examiner as well as the applicant.

6. Retrieve published patent applications with the CPC classification you chose in Step 3 of the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can apply the same method of search as in Step 4. You can narrow your results to the relevant patent applications by looking at the abstract as well as the drawings on each page. Next, carefully examine the published patent applications, paying particular attention to the claims as well as additional drawings.

7. You can find additional US patent publications by keyword search in AppFT or PatFT databases, as well as classification searching for non-U.S. Patents as described below. Additionally, you can make use of search engines on the internet to search non-patent patent disclosures in literature about inventions. Here are a few examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.