Facebook Technologies, LLC (Menlo Park, CA)
What is a Patent for Detecting positions of magnetic flux sensors that have specific positions on devices in relation to a magnetic field generator located in a specific position on the device
The present disclosure generally relates to display using waveguides, and in particular manufacturing optical grating elements having a variable depth and duty-cycle.
Near-eye light fields display images directly to the eyes of the user. This can be done with electronic viewfinders as well as near-eye displays (NEDs). Near-eye displays (NEDs), which are typical near-eye displays generally have an element of display that emits image light. The light is reflected through one or several lenses before reaching the eyes. In addition, NEDs in augmented reality systems typically need to be compact and light weight and have a large exit pupils with large field-of-view to facilitate use.However it is true that designing a conventional NED using materials with desirable optical properties often results in a very low output-coupling effectiveness of the image light that the user receives through their eyes due to mismatch in the dimensions and form of the grating. Although conventional lithography techniques can create optical grating elements that have an adjustable duty cycle, they aren’t capable of adjusting the thickness of the optical grating. It’s therefore hard to find a machine that can create opticalgrating components with different depths and duty cycle that can be produced with high efficiency.
The embodiments relate to a method for manufacturing an optical waveguide grating. The manufacturing process that is used to create the optical grating could comprise the patterning system and deposition system. The manufacturing system performs a printing process using one or more photoresists that are deposited over the substrate. The manufacturing process involves the deposition process that involves at least one ofthe following: an etch-compatible material, a metal, a photoresist or somecombination thereof.
The manufacturing process performs photoresist patterning on the substrate. Once the pattern is created, the manufacturing system transfers it into an under-layering hard-mask. The manufacturing system performs adeposition of a second photoresist over the patterned mask. The manufacturing system then performs the patterning lithograph of this second photoresist in order create a modified version with multiple heights relative to substrate. Themanufacturing system performs a pattern transfer on the substrate based upon the plurality of heights present in the modified second photoresist and the pattern created by the hard mask to form a mold for a nanoimprint that has at least a number of different etchdepths and at least one or more duty cycles. The manufacturing system may transfer a pattern from the nanoimprint mould onto an optical waveguide to form an optical grating which has various etch depths. In certain configurations that use the second photoresist, it is one that is lithographically patterned using an etch mask of gray scale.
In certain embodiments the second photoresist may be a photoresist in gray scale that has been lithographically printed using a grayscale-based mask. The manufacturing system creates the gray-scale pattern by performing the deposition process of a metal layer over a secondsubstrate . It also involves changing the thickness of the metal layer based on the erosion process that is performed using the use of a beam of ion that moves in 1D across the metal layer. In another way the manufacturing system produces the gray-scale mask using the threshold number of layers of another material. The manufacturing system depositions a third photoresist on the top of the substrate.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re not able to find the right classification to describe your invention, look through the classification’s class Schemas (class schedules). Think about substituting the words you use for describing your invention, if you do not find any results in the Classification Text Search with synonyms such as the terms you used in Step 1.
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