Facebook, Inc. (Menlo Park, CA)
The invention is generally applicable to social networks, and more specifically, it relates to presenting interactions with content items in the social network system in real-time.
Social networking allows users to interact and connect with each other. Some social networking platforms permit users to interact with other users and their content. Forexample, users can interact with content on social networks by reacting to the content (e.g., “liking” the item of content “loving” the item, which indicates that they believe a particular content item is humorous) and adding more information to the content item(e.g., posting an “comment” to the item) and sharing the item with other users on the social networking system.
Content items’ interactions are often presented so that users can observe how other users have reacted with the material. Unfortunately, social networking systems are not able to notify users of new interactions with content items promptly. Thus interactions between other users via interactions with content items do not usually occur in real-time. Additionally, if a user is viewing the content via a webpage associated with the item of content, the user istypically unaware of any new interactions happening with the item since the user may be viewing only a small portion of the page which does not show the interaction. This makes it difficult to communicate with other users in real-time through an article of content in the event that they are watching the interaction.
Social networking systems allow users to interact in real-time through content items. Users can visit an online page that is linked to a content article and then see an interaction bar. Social networks store pages with information about a particular item of content. It includes information about the content item and interactions with it by other users. The pages for content items are displayed by the social media system, along with an item header. Thecontent item header contains information about the content item including identifying information regarding the person who created the content item, or the number of interaction with the item. The content item’s header may be fixed on the screen of a client device, which is located at the top of the display. Thus, the content item’s header is visible to the viewing user as the viewing user is presented with different portions of the content item page. For example, if a viewing userviews a new comment that is located at the bottom of the content item page the content item’s header is still displayed at the top of the client device display. The interaction bar may be presented near to when the interaction occurs. The bar for interaction could be displayed when the interaction happens, when it happens or after a certain period of period of time.
The social network system is able to identify users who are viewing the content page for the content item and display an interaction bar that explains the interaction. The bar for interaction appears in the header of the content page for the user and can be viewed by them regardless of which section of the content page they are currently viewing. The interaction bar can identify the user that performed the interaction and also the kind of interaction. The affinity score is a measurement of how likely a user will interact with the interaction bar. If the score is higher than a certain threshold that is set, the social media system presents an interaction bar describing the interactions to the user. The level of affinity could be determined based on the viewing user, the type ofthe interaction, as well as the content item.
Interaction bars are utilized to notify users of interactions that occur with content items. Engaging with content lets users communicate in real-time. This can help draw attention to interactions which they may would have missed. In addition, by displaying the header of the content item in a fixed place on the client device’s display this bar of interaction can be shown to a user no matter which portion of the content item page the viewer is currently viewing and thus bring fresh interactions with the content item to the notice of the viewing user more effectively.Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.
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What is a patent?
Granted by the government to protect an invention a patent provides the inventor with the exclusive right to develop, utilize, sell and promote the invention?society gains when a innovative technology is introduced to the market. The benefits can be in direct terms, as it can allow individuals to achieve previously unattainable things. Or indirectly due to the opportunities for economic growth (business growth and employment) which the invention provides.
Many drug companies and university researchers seek patent protection for their work and research. Patents may cover an abstract or physical product or process, or even a method or composition of materials unique to the field. Patent protection has to be granted to an invention that is beneficial unique, innovative, and not already known by others in the same field.
Patents are a way to honor inventors who have commercially profitable inventions. They act as a motivator for inventors to come up with new ideas. Patents allow inventors and small businesses to know that there is the possibility that they’ll get a profit for their time, effort, and money invested in technology development. This means they will be able to earn a living from their work.
Businesses with the ability to:
Make sure you protect your unique products and services
Increase the value, popularity, and appeal of your products on the market
Differentiate your business and products from the competition;
Get technical and business information.
Avoid accidentally using third-party content or risking losing important information or creative outputs as well as other outputs.
Patents effectively transform the inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset which opens new opportunities for employment creation and business growth through joint ventures or licensing.
Investors who are involved in the commercialization and development of technology will appreciate small businesses with patent protection to be more attractive.
Patenting may lead to the creation of new ideas and inventions. This information can promote innovation and may qualify for patent protection.
Patents are a way to stop untrustworthy third-party companies from earning from the invention’s efforts.
The profits from technology patents that are successful and commercially viable can be used to finance the development of technology through research and development (R&D) that will increase the chance of better technology in the future.
You can use intellectual property ownership to convince lenders and investors that your product is a viable commercial potential. Sometimes, one patent could open the door to multiple financing opportunities. Patents as well as other IP assets can be used as collateral or as security for debt financing. You may also present investors with your patent assets to increase company valuation. Forbes and others have pointed out that each patent can increase company valuation by anywhere from $500,000 to $1 Million.
Startups require a carefully-crafted business plan that is built on the IP to show that your product or service is distinctive superior, innovative, or superior. Investors will also be impressed if you can prove that your IP rights are secured or are in progress of being secure and that they support your business plan.
It is essential to keep an invention secret until you submit for patent protection. The public disclosure of an invention before filing it can often destroy its novelty and render it patent-infringing. Therefore, pre-filing disclosures (e.g., for testing marketing, investors, or other business partners) should only be made after signing a confidentiality agreement.
There are many types of patents. Understanding the different types of patents is vital for protecting your invention. Utility patents are for new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Patents for utility are the most effective as they protect the proprietor from copycats and other competition. Most often, utility patents are issued for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. Utility patents also cover improvements and changes to existing inventions. A process patent will be a way to describe the actions or methods of performing a particular act. A chemical composition would include the combination of ingredients.
What is the average length of a patent? Utility patents last 20 years after the earliest filing date, but their expirations can be extended due to delays at the patent office, for example.
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When you are writing a patent application, you should do an online patent search. the search will give you some insight into other people’s ideas. This will allow you to limit the potential of your idea. It is also possible to learn about the latest developments in your field of invention. You’ll have a better idea of what your invention ought to be and will be more prepared to submit your patent application.
How to Search for Patents
A patent search is the first step towards obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is filed, the item that is covered by the patent application could be described as patent-pending. you can find the patent application online on the public pair. Once the patent office has approved your application, you’ll be able do an examination of the patent number to locate the issued patent. Your product will now be patented. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you may also use other search engines like espacenet, as detailed below. You can get help from an attorney who is a patent or patent attorney. In the US, patents are issued by the US trademark and patent office or by the United States patent and trademark office, which also reviews trademark applications.
Are you interested in finding other similar patents? These are the steps:
1. Think of terms to describe your invention based on the purpose, composition and use.
Write down a short, but precise explanation of your invention. Do not use generic terms like “device”, “process,” or “system”. Instead, look for synonyms to the terms you chose initially. Also, keep track of significant technical terms and keywords.
To help you recognize the key words and concepts, try the questions below.
- What’s the purpose of this invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
- Is invention a way to come up with something or to perform a function? Does it constitute an item?
- What is the nature and purpose of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
- What is the purpose of the invention?
- What are the technical terms and terms that describe the nature of an invention? To help you find the right terms, refer to an online dictionary of technical terms.
2. These terms allow you to search for relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications using the Classification Search Tool. To determine the most suitable classification for your invention, scan the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). If you don’t get any results from the Classification Text Search, you may want to consider replacing the words for describing your invention with synonyms.
3. Check 3. Check the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you have found. If the classification you have selected is a blue box that has an “D” at its left, clicking on the link will direct you to the CPC classification definition. CPC classification definitions will help determine the relevant classification’s scope and therefore you’re sure to select the one you consider to be the most pertinent. Additionally the definitions may include search tips and other suggestions that could be useful to conduct further research.
4. Get patent documents using the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. By focusing on the abstracts and illustrations you can narrow your search to the relevant patent documents.
5. Utilize this list of most pertinent patent documents to examine each one thoroughly for the similarities to your own invention. Take note of the specifications and claims. You may find additional patents by referring to the patent examiner and the applicant.
6. You can find the patent application that has been published and match the CPC classification you selected in Step 3. You can also use the same strategy of searching you employed in Step 4 to narrow your search results to only the most relevant patents by reading the abstracts and drawings on every page. Next, carefully examine the patent applications published and pay particular attention to the claims as well as additional drawings.
7. Locate additional US patents by keyword searching in PatFT or AppFT databases, classification search of non-U.S. patents as described below, and searching non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using web search engines. Here are a few examples:
- Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
- Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
- European Patent Office (EPO) provides esp@cenet to access a network of Europe’s patent databases with access to machine translation of European patents.
- Japan Patent Office (JPO) – with access to machine translations of Japanese patents.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) offers PATENTSCOPE with a full-text search of published international patent applications and machine translations for some documents, as well as a list of international patent databases.
- Korean Intellectual Property Rights Information Service (KIPRIS)
- State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) with machine translation of Chinese patents.
- Other International Intellectual Property Offices with online patent databases include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan.
- Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.
To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.