Inventors and Patents From the City of Cleveland
In the early 1930s, Superman was born in Cleveland. The comic book hero was created by Cleveland natives Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster at the Siegels’ home. Cleveland is home to several inventions that have been found in the city. Golf was actually invented in Scotland in the mid-1500s, but early balls were made of wood or leather filled with feathers. Coburn Haskell invented the modern golf ball in 1899. Haskell is considered the first to suggest a rubber core.
Garrett Morgan, a businessman from Cleveland, is the inventor of the Morgan’s Hood, which became a popular safety device during World War I. This product was first patented in 1914 and is now a staple of emergency response equipment. The hood, also known as a gas mask, was created to protect firefighters from smoke inhalation. As a result, many large cities adopted the device.
Another of Morgan’s innovations, the hand-operated signal, was used in North America until it was replaced by automatic traffic signals. After developing the signal, he sold the rights to it to the General Electric Corporation for $4000. During his long career, Morgan had been working on new ideas and concepts that would eventually become practical solutions to common problems. He was able to patent several of his inventions, including a signal that would stop traffic in any direction, preventing thousands of accidents from occurring.
Garrett Morgan was a man of many talents and passions. He was a highly educated man who was able to apply his genius to many different industries. His many inventions have improved safety and well-being around the world. His last invention, a self-extinguishing cigarette, used a plastic pellet filled with water to prevent the cigarette from catching fire.
Morgan’s first invention was a safety hood for firefighters. It featured a hood that sat over the user’s head and an extension tube that reached the ground. Morgan imagined that smoke would tend to rise, and the hood was designed to reach the layer of air underneath the dense smoke or gas. The hood contained a layer of absorbent material that was moistened with water before use.
Charles Brush’s windmill dynamo
In the mid-19th century, a man from Pennsylvania named Charles Brush built a windmill and attached a pulley system to it. When the blades of the windmill turned, electricity would flow from them to twelve batteries in Brush’s basement. The windmill produced 1,200 watts of electricity, enough to power a small house. The windmill could power 100 incandescent lights. Brush’s windmill dynamo powered his home for twenty years.
Mr. Brush’s windmill dynamo was featured in the Dec. 20, 1890, issue of Scientific American. The photo was provided by Derek E. King. This article uses material from the book “The Engines of Our Ingenuity” by John H. Lienhard. Charles Brush’s windmill dynamo is one of the earliest wind energy technologies. However, it did not prove to be a viable solution for mass production.
The Brush Windmill Dynamo was never commercially viable, but was an incredible achievement for its time. In its day, it was the only wind-powered lighting system in the United States. It was built on a five-acre piece of land and powered by a windmill. In December 1890, the Brush Windmill Dynamo was featured in a Science American article and hailed as the first wind power lighting system.
A similar invention, but with more power, was made by Thomas Edison in 1877. Brush’s arc light dynamo was more reliable and simpler than his competitors. This improved arc light dynamo made it possible to control the arc light, a crucial part of electricity production. Brush made the first windmill dynamo and patented it. His deal with his backer yielded him significant royalties.
Kettering’s windmill dynamo
The windmill dynamo was invented 100 years ago by Charles Brush of Cleveland, Ohio. It was featured in the Dec. 20, 1890, edition of Scientific American and was hailed as the first successful wind-powered system. The windmill is a giant, 60-foot tower with a dozen or more blades. It was used to power a light bulb and charge a radio battery. The windmill was first used in small systems, and later on larger systems were used to create electricity.
The windmill dynamo works by generating electricity by rotating a rotor. Its rotor turns at 330 revolutions per minute. At the same time, it is equipped with an automatic regulator. This regulator prevents the electromotive force from running above 90 volts and automatically closes and opens the working circuit at 70 volts. The dynamo’s brushes rock when the load changes. This creates a compounded field. The current passes through two rotors that slide on annular plates. They are connected to the gudgeon by conductors.
George Brush’s windmill generator was a marvel of engineering. It was a combination of solar and wind energy. It contained 144 cedar blades and stood 60 feet tall. It looked like a giant weathervane. The generator operated an electric dynamo that fed batteries to power 12 household electric motors and 350 incandescent lamps in his mansion. The windmill was a major contribution to the development of electric power in America.
The dynamo’s armature can retain magnetism inside the iron core, while its armature is stationary. It then rotates to produce electricity. The process is called field flashing. There are two types of wiring for a dynamo: series wound and shunt wound. The former has more positive coils on the armature, while the latter is connected to the stator.
Lew Urry’s alkaline battery
The lithium and alkaline batteries were invented by Canadian chemical engineer Lewis Frederick Urry. Urry worked for Eveready Battery in his home country. His work resulted in the first practical, long-lasting batteries that are still in use today. Urry’s lithium and alkaline batteries were first introduced in the mid-1930s, but it would be another decade before these batteries would be widely available.
Despite the importance of the invention, Urry remained relatively quiet about it in his day-to-day life. This was especially true during the rush to stock up on batteries during the holiday season. In 2004, Urry’s prototype was placed in the National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. and is now on display. While he never talked much about his alkaline battery, his son made a point to speak to the press about his father’s work.
After developing his alkaline battery, Urry shaped his test batteries into discs and cylinders. Urry’s invention was so successful that the Eveready company switched to producing it under the Energizer brand name. These new batteries are more durable than their predecessors, and last for 40 times longer than they did in 1959. Urry was born in Pontypool, Ontario and served in the Canadian army from 1946 to 1949. He graduated from the University of Toronto with a degree in chemical engineering. He then went to work at Eveready. He worked on dozens of different kinds of batteries and developed patents for lithium battery technology.
The alkaline battery is a long-lasting battery, made of powdered zinc. It is still widely used in portable electronics today, and it is estimated to last 40 times longer than the zinc-carbon batteries that are used today. Although it is a breakthrough in technology, the alkaline battery is not perfect. Some cells still corrode very badly. Nonetheless, Urry’s alkaline battery is still a great invention, powering hundreds of portable devices around the world.
Semple and Tyler’s chewing gum
Semple and Tyler are two of the most famous manufacturers of chewing gum in the world. These companies invented chewing gum in 1869. They made it from rubber and claimed it could clean teeth and gums. In July of the same year, they patented their chewing gum. Another famous Clevelander, Thomas Edison, is a native of Erie County. He is the most famous inventor in history, with 1,093 patents to his name. His most well-known inventions include the light bulb, phonograph, kinetoscope, and phonograph.