Famous American Inventors
There are a number of famous American inventors who are worth knowing. Some of them are Thomas Edison, George Washington Carver, Bessie Blount Griffin, and Marjorie Stewart Joyner. Read on to learn about their stories and contributions to American society. Inventors are essential to our way of life and are responsible for a variety of everyday innovations.
Thomas Edison is considered one of the most influential and famous American inventors. He is known for his innovations on electric light and other household appliances. In 1881, he established a small factory in Newark, New Jersey. Later, he moved with his family to New York, where he set up a laboratory.
Edison’s childhood was marked by many difficulties, including hearing loss. As a young child, he contracted scarlet fever, which affected his ability to hear. He was also boxed in his ears by train conductors after a fire in a baggage car. But despite this setback, Edison didn’t let his hearing loss stop him from pursuing his dreams. In fact, his deafness served as a major inspiration for many of his inventions.
The Edison quadruplex telegraph is another invention of his that changed the way we communicate. The quadruplex telegraph could transmit two messages in each direction at the same time. After this invention, the American Telegraph Works was founded. Edison was one of the first honorary fellows of the Acoustical Society of America.
Edison’s life was marked by many failures, but ultimately his successes made him one of the most influential and prolific American inventors. His work not only revolutionized indoor illumination, but also paved the way for mass communication and motion pictures. In all, he received more than 1,000 US patents during his lifetime.
In addition to his many inventions, Edison was also credited with helping to develop the telephone. Although Bell is credited with the invention of the telephone, Edison’s innovations led to a more efficient transmitter that allowed long distance communication. In addition, he also created the first workable phonograph. Edison’s early phonograph played records on a cylinder, but later it was able to play records on a flat disk.
George Washington Carver
Carver was an agricultural researcher and pioneer in the development of the modern organic movement. As an orphan during the Civil War, he found refuge in botany. He conducted research on how to manage soil and directed an experimental farm. His work led to an increase in the health of crops and the development of natural fertilizers and pesticides. As a young man, Carver also began to nurse sick plants. As a result, he became known as a “plant doctor”.
After working in Kansas for several years, Carver moved to Alabama to become a professor of agriculture at the Tuskegee Institute. He stayed at the institute for nearly 50 years. In addition to his agricultural research, Carver invented methods for using peanuts and other plants. He also developed methods for turning corn stalks into building materials. He also discovered that clay soil contained dyes. He also invented over one hundred products made from sweet potatoes.
George Washington Carver’s inventions brought him international recognition and fortune. Although he had been offered a $100,000 yearly salary by Thomas Edison, he remained at Tuskegee. He also gave away his entire life savings of $33,000 to further his research. In addition to his inventions, Carver was an advocate of soil preservation.
George Washington Carver was an agricultural scientist who developed hundreds of products based on peanuts, sweet potatoes, and soybeans. Although born into slavery, he was able to overcome the hardships of his circumstances and pursue an education. He earned a master’s degree in agricultural science from Iowa State University and taught at Tuskegee University for decades.
Bessie Blount Griffin
The inventor of a food receptacle apparatus was Bessie Blount Griffin, a forensic scientist and physical therapist. She was born in Virginia and attended school until she was in the sixth grade. She then earned a GED and attended the Community Kennedy Memorial Hospital in Newark, New Jersey, where she studied nursing. After graduating from the nursing school, she went on to study at Panzer College of Physical Education and Hygiene. While there, she became fascinated with the field of forensic science.
In addition to her work as a forensic scientist, Blount had many other interests and talents. She was a physical therapist and a pioneer in the field of assistive technology. Her innovations in these fields made her a role model for African Americans and women. In addition to helping people, Bessie helped scientists and engineers improve our lives and the lives of others.
Blount’s inventions helped patients with disabilities regain their independence. Her work included devising apparatuses for amputees to feed themselves. She also created an electronic feeding device in 1951. The device allowed patients to control the amount of food that came out by biting down on a tube. While her invention was rejected by the American Veterans Administration, she did sell it to the French government. After she sold her patent, Blount continued to develop her innovations. Her first invention was an emesis basin made of cardboard and newspaper. This invention is still in use today in Belgium.
Blount Griffin’s passion for handwriting analysis made her an excellent physical therapist and a famous American inventor. Her grandson Nicholas was born with weak eyesight in one eye. In the 1960s, she worked as a forensic scientist, and wrote columns in African American newspapers.
Marjorie Stewart Joyner
Marjorie Stewart Joyner was the granddaughter of slaves. Born in 1896, she spent her early years in poverty. Her father, a schoolteacher, worked for Booker T. Washington. She later moved with her mother to Chicago, where she graduated from the first African American beauty school. She later invented the wave machine.
Joyner was also a social activist, working with Eleanor Roosevelt to fight racial segregation. She helped organize a parade for African-American women, which grew into the largest parade of its kind in the nation. She was also an associate of pioneering African-American educator Mary McLeod Bethune. Joyner also invented the permanent-wave machine, a device that can keep in contact with a body’s chemistry without losing its function.
Before implementing her invention, Joyner experimented with different setups. While developing her device, she didn’t realize she needed to patent it. She applied for a patent on it on May 16, 1928, along with a patent for a scalp protector. Her permanent wave machine was a success, becoming widely used by black and white women.
Marjorie Stewart Joyner was born on October 24, 1896 in Monterey, Virginia. Her parents owned slaves, and she grew up poor. She moved to Chicago when she was sixteen, where she met Robert Joyner. The two of them married and he went on to become a famous podiatrist. Joyner went on to become one of the first African-Americans to attend the prestigious A.B. Molar Beauty School. She also started her own beauty salon in Chicago.
Another one of Joyner’s inventions was the hair curling table. Invented as a solution to a problem related to the way black women curled their hair while cooking pot roast, the table would enable them to curl their hair without damaging their scalps.
One of America’s most famous inventors, Cyrus McCormick invented a grain mixer that helped feed Union troops during the Civil War. He made a fortune selling his products and began investing in real estate in Chicago. In 1864, he ran unsuccessfully for Congress. He was defeated by Republican John Wentworth. However, his innovations did not end there. He also had an interest in mining in South America.
In addition to his numerous inventions, McCormick was also an active Christian and philanthropist. He was a founder of the McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago, and he gave money and time to numerous causes. The seminary moved to its new location in Chicago in 1975. Today, it shares facilities with the nearby Lutheran School of Theology.
In 1837, he began manufacturing reapers in his blacksmith shop. His reaper became known in every state, and he introduced it to European farmers as well. By 1856, he sold 4,000 machines per year. This was enough to re-establish his company, which continued to thrive despite intense competition.
Cyrus McCormick was a brilliant businessman. He utilized newspaper advertisements and editorials to increase sales. He even employed a large network of trained salesmen to demonstrate the operation of his machines in the field. In addition, he expanded the railroad network to distribute his products across the country. In 1859, he became a minority partner in the company. He had a great business sense and was a great innovator.
The reaper was not the only creation McCormick made. Another famous American inventor, Jo Anderson, was a slave, but her reaper is considered an integral part of the American agricultural system. She was a member of Cyrus McCormick’s family, but was overlooked in history due to her skin color and slavery.